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Abendana, Jacob (c. 1630–1685), leader of the Sephardi Jewish community in London, was born in Spain and was taken with his brother Isaac Abendana to Hamburg, Germany, as a child. Jacob studied at the Yeshiva de los Pintos at Rotterdam, and at the age of twenty-five he was already a rabbi in ...

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Abraham, Roy Clive (1890–1963), scholar of African languages and colonial administrator, was born on 16 December 1890 in Melbourne, Australia, the second son of Isaac Abraham (1849-1918) and his wife Amy nee Soloman (b. 1861). From a Jewish background, he studied at ...

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Harold Maurice Abrahams (1899–1978) by A. R. Coster, 1924 [after winning the 100 yards at the AAA championship at Stamford Bridge, London, on 21 June 1924] Getty Images – A. R. Coster

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Abrahams, Harold Maurice (1899–1978), athlete and civil servant, was born at 30 Rutland Road, Bedford, on 15 December 1899, the youngest in the family of two daughters and four sons of Isaac Klonimus (1850–1921) of Vladislavovka in Russian-occupied Poland and his wife, Esther Isaacs...

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Abrahams, Sir Lionel Barnett (1869–1919), economist and civil servant, was born in London on 9 December 1869, the only son of Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society. Educated at the City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was an exhibitioner between 1892 and 1896 and won the Arnold historical essay prize in 1894, he headed the ...

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Abse, Leopold [Leo] (1917–2008), politician, was born at 5 Clare Street, Cardiff, on 22 April 1917, the second of three sons and third of four children of Rudolph Abse (1887–1964), a cinema manager then serving as a private in the Lancashire Fusiliers, and his wife, ...

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Leopold Abse (1917–2008) by Godfrey Argent, 1967 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Barnett, Joel, Baron Barnett (1923–2014), politician and accountant, was born on 14 October 1923 at 3 Barker Street, Cheetham, Manchester, the only son of Louis Barnett (1892–1964), a tailor and later manufacturer of mantles and costumes, and his wife, Ettie, née...

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Belisha, (Isaac) Leslie Hore-, Baron Hore-Belisha (1893–1957), politician, was born in London on 7 September 1893, the only son of Jacob Isaac Belisha (d. 1894), an insurance company manager, and his wife, Elizabeth Miriam (d. 1936), daughter of John Leslie Miers...

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(Isaac) Leslie Hore- Belisha, Baron Hore-Belisha (1893–1957) by Howard Coster, 1938 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benjamin, Judah Philip (1811–1884), barrister and politician in the United States of America, was born on 11 August 1811. His parents, Philip and Rebecca Benjamin, London shopkeepers, were Sephardic Jews of British nationality, who, in 1807, sailed from England to make their home across the ...

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Bentwich [née Franklin], Helen Caroline (1892–1972), local politician, was born on 6 January 1892 at 29 Pembridge Gardens, Notting Hill, London, the fifth child and second daughter (there were also four sons) of Arthur Ellis Franklin (1857–1938), merchant banker, and his wife, ...

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Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader, was born on 11 May 1856 at 57 Church Lane, Whitechapel, London, the youngest of three children (he had a brother and a sister) of Marks, or Mattos (Mattathias), Bentwitch, a jeweller who had immigrated from ...

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Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert Bentwich (1856–1932) and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Joseph Solomon, leather merchant, and sister of ...