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Antelminelli, Alessandro [alias Amerigo Salvetti] (1572–1657), diplomat, was born in Lucca, the son of Bernardino Antelminelli (d. 1596), merchant. From 1580 his father was in contact with the agents of the grand duke of Tuscany, who wanted to organize a pro-Florentine party in ...

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Aston, Walter, Baron Aston of Forfar (1584–1639), diplomat, was born about June 1584 at Charlecote, Warwickshire, and baptized there on 9 July, the son and heir of Sir Edward Aston of Tixall, Staffordshire, and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy (b. in or before 1532, d. 1600)...

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Augier, René (b. before 1600, d. 1658/9), diplomat, was probably born in the province of Dauphiné, in south-east France, and possibly came from the village of Montbrun. His date of birth is unknown and details of his youth remain obscure beyond the fact that he left the ...

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Bard, Henry, first Viscount Bellomont [Bellamont] (1615/16–1656), royalist army officer and diplomat, came of an old-established Lincolnshire family, and was the younger son of George Bard (d. 1616), vicar of Staines, Middlesex, and his wife, Susan, daughter of John Dudley. A scholar at ...

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Barillon d'Amoncourt, Paul, marquis de Branges in the French nobility (1630x38–1691), diplomat, was the eldest of the four sons (one of whom was born in 1639) of Jean-Jacques Barillon (1601–1645) and his wife, Bonne Fayet (d. 1682). His father, president of the ...

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Barker, Sir William (1909–1992), diplomatist and Russian scholar, was born on 19 July 1909 at 3 Plank Lane, Leigh, Lancashire, the eldest of the three children of Alfred Barker, master baker and later licensed victualler, and his wife, Annie, formerly Arden (née...

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Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow, born in the spring or early summer of 1524, was the son of James Beaton, laird of Balfarg (Fife), and his wife, Helen Melville. He belonged to the third generation of the Beaton hegemony in the church: lesser prelates apart, ...

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Biondi, Sir Giovanni Francesco (1572–1644), diplomat and romance writer, was born at Lesina (now Hvar), Croatia. His family, whose surname was Biundović until the 1600s, was noble but of modest means. Giovanni took a law degree at Padua and, after a period in ...

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Brennan, Robert (1881–1964), Irish republican and diplomatist, was born in John's Gate Street, Wexford, on 22 July 1881, one of five children of Robert Brennan, a victualler and cattle dealer, and his wife, Bridget, née Kearney, shopkeeper. After completing local schooling by the ...

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Bulstrode, Sir Richard (1617–1711), diplomat and writer, probably born at Astley, Warwickshire, was the second son of Edward Bulstrode (c. 1588–1659) of the Inner Temple and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Chamberlain of Astley. In 1633 he wrote a poem to mark the birth of the ...

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Campbell, Sir John, of Lundie (d. 1562), administrator and ambassador, was an illegitimate son of Colin Campbell, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493). Although nothing is known of his early life, the title of master identifies him with the John Campbell who graduated master of arts at ...

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Alonso de Peralta Cárdenas, viscount of Villahermosa de Ambite (c. 1592–1666) by unknown artist, pubd 1692 by courtesy of Ángel Alloza

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Cárdenas, Alonso de Peralta, viscount of Villahermosa de Ambite (c. 1592–1666), diplomat, was born in Madrid, the second son of Don Urbán de Peralta, knight of Alcántara, and Doña Elvira de Cárdenas y Figueroa, sister of the fifth count of Puebla del Maestre...

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Carne, Sir Edward (c. 1496–1561), diplomat, was the son of Howell Carne (fl. 1490–1497) of Cowbridge, Glamorgan, and his wife, Cicely or Sibyl, daughter of William Kemys of Newport, Monmouthshire. He claimed descent from the kings of Gwent. Carne was educated at ...

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Casement, Roger David (1864–1916), diplomatist and Irish rebel, was born on 1 September 1864 at Doyle's Cottage, Lawson Terrace, Sandymount, near Dublin, the youngest son of Captain Roger Casement (1819–1877) of the 3rd dragoon guards. His father was of Ulster protestant stock and his mother, ...

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Roger David Casement (1864–1916) by Sarah Purser National Gallery of Ireland

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Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador, was born in May 1590 and baptized the following month, on 4 June, at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire. He was the eldest son of William Cecil (1566–1640), Lord Burghley from 1605 until he succeeded as ...

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See Duncan, Mark

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Chapuys, Eustache (1490x92?–1556), diplomat, was the second son of Louis Chapuys, notary of Annecy in the duchy of Savoy, and of his wife, Guigone Dupuys. His birth date is unknown: a legal document of 1506 gives a minimum age of fourteen, and his parents were married about 1486, so between 1490 and 1492 seems likely. His paternal great-grandfather ...

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Chudleigh, Thomas (b. 1649/50, d. in or after 1702?), diplomat, was born at Exeter, the only son of Major Thomas Chudleigh, licensed in 1656 to practise surgery, and his wife, Agnes Vaughan; his grandfather was Sir George Chudleigh, first baronet (1582–1658). He grew up in a house that his father built in the castle close at ...