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Abadam, Alice (1856–1940), suffrage activist and women’s right’s campaigner, was born in St John’s Wood, London, on 2 January 1856 (census returns 1891, 1939 Register). Her birth was not registered and she was not baptised. She was the youngest of seven children (four daughters and two sons) of ...

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Aitken, William (1812?–1869), Chartist and factory reformer, was born in a barrack room near Dunbar, possibly on 2 June 1812, the youngest but one of nine children of Scottish parents, natives of Duns. His father, originally a cordwainer, served thirty years in the army and rose to the rank of sergeant-major. After leaving the army ...

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Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

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Joan Bull (supp. fl. 1928–1946) by David Low, 1928 Evening Standard; collection University of Kent at Canterbury

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Bull, Joan (supp. fl. 1928–1946), fictitious epitomist of enfranchised women, the analogue of John Bull, was created by the cartoonist David Low (1891–1963) to symbolize the women aged between twenty-one and thirty who obtained the vote in 1928 despite opposition from the '...

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Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Cook [née Graves], Cecily Mary (1889/90–1962), trade unionist and suffrage campaigner, daughter of Alfred Graves, was probably born in London, but little else is known about her early life. She married Herbert G. N. Cook, a secretary, on 6 November 1909. The couple's only child, a son, died at about the age of nineteen. Following ...

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(Sarah) Emily Davies (1830–1921) by Rudolph Lehmann, 1880 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Davies, (Sarah) Emily (1830–1921), suffragist and promoter of higher education for women, was born on 22 April 1830 in Southampton, the fourth child and second daughter of John Davies DD (1795–1861) and his wife, Mary Hopkinson (d. 1886), the daughter of a businessman from ...

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Duval [née Dugdale], Una Harriet Ella Stratford (1879–1975), suffragette and marriage reformer, was born on 28 January 1879 at Slanmore, Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, Surrey, the elder daughter and one of five children of Commander Edward Stratford Dugdale, a naval officer, and his wife, ...

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Haslam (née Heywood), Mary (1851–1922), welfare worker, philanthropist, and suffrage campaigner, was born at Newport Terrace, Bolton, Lancashire, on 11 August 1851, the second child and only daughter of Robert Heywood (1786–1868), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née...

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Haverfield [née Scarlett], Evelina (1867–1920), suffragette and aid worker, was born at Inverlochy Castle, Kingussie, on 9 August 1867, the third daughter of William Frederick Scarlett, third Baron Abinger (1826–1892), landowner and army officer, and his wife, Helen (c.1840–1915), daughter of ...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Rosalind Frances Howard, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921) by George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard [née Stanley], Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921), promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform, was born on 20 February 1845, probably at Alderley, Cheshire. She was the youngest daughter of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Knightley [née Bowater], Louisa Mary, Lady Knightley (1842–1913), churchwoman and women's activist, was born on 25 April 1842 at 37 Lower Grosvenor Street, London, the only child of Major-General Sir Edward Bowater (1787–1861) and his wife, Emilia Mary, daughter of Colonel Michael Barne...

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See under Lees [née Buckley], Dame Sarah Anne

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Lees [née Buckley], Dame Sarah Anne (1842–1935), local politician, philanthropist, and suffragist, was born in Carrhill, Mossley, Yorkshire, on 13 November 1842, the fourth daughter and youngest of six children of Sarah Anne, née Seel (1804–1876), and her husband, ...

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Lidgett, Elizabeth Sedman (1843–1919), poor-law guardian and suffragist, was born on 26 August 1843 at 20 Arbour Terrace, Mile End, London, the daughter of John Lidgett of Hull, a London shipowner, and his wife, Ann Jacob, née Hyett. Her elder sister was the women's activist ...