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W. B. Squire

revised by Nicholas Salwey

Abell, John (b. 1653, d. in or after 1716), singer and composer, was born in Aberdeenshire and was admitted as a 'gentleman of his majesty's chapel extraordinary' on 1 May 1679, about which time he is listed among the musicians of the king's private music, as singer, lutenist, and violinist. ...

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Dame Emma Albani (1847–1930) by Walery, pubd 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Albani [married name Gye], Dame Emma [née Marie Louise Cécile Emma Lajeunesse] (1847–1930), singer, was born on 1 November 1847 at Chambly, Quebec, Canada, one of three surviving children of Joseph Lajeunesse, organist, and his wife, Mélina Mignault (d. 1856)...

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(Maria Caterina) Rosalbina Caradori- Allan (1800–1865) by John Hayter, pubd 1827 [as Cresea in Medea in Corinto by Simone Mayr] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allan, (Maria Caterina) Rosalbina Caradori- [Carradori-] (1800–1865), singer, was born in Milan. Her father, Baron de Munck, was an Alsatian and a colonel in the French army. Her mother, whose maiden name, Carradori, she adopted (and always so spelt in Italy), came from ...

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Arditi, Luigi (1822–1903), conductor and composer, was born on 16 July 1822 in Crescentino, Piedmont, the son of Maurizio Arditi and his wife, Caterina Colombo. He studied the violin with Carossini and Capitani in his home town, with Caldera in Turin, and with ...

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See Arne family

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See Arne family

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Thomas Augustine Arne (1710–1778) by William Humphrey, pubd 1778 (after Robert Dunkarton, c. 1770) © Copyright The British Museum

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Arne, Thomas Augustine (1710–1778), composer and musical performer, was born in King Street, Covent Garden, London, on 12 March 1710, the son of Thomas Arne (bap. 1682, d. 1736) [see under Arne family], upholsterer and undertaker, and his second wife, Anne, ...

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Johann Christian Bach (1735–1782) by Thomas Gainsborough, 1776 [replica] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bach, Johann Christian (1735–1782), composer, was born on 5 September 1735 in Leipzig, Saxony, the sixth and youngest son and the eleventh of the thirteen children of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750), composer, and his second wife, Anna Magdalena (1701–1760), daughter of Johann Caspar Wilcke...

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Michael William Balfe (1808–1870) by Herbert Watkins, late 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfe, Michael William (1808–1870), composer, the third child of William Balfe and his wife, Kate, née Ryan, was born at 10 Pitt Street, Dublin, on 15 May 1808. The family moved to Wexford when he was two years old. Balfe received his first musical instruction from his father, a competent violinist and dancing-master, and continued to study violin with ...

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Balfe, Victoire [Victoria] [married namesVictoire Crampton; Victoire Fernández de Velasco, duchess of Frías in the Spanish nobility] (1837–1871), singer, the second daughter of the composer Michael William Balfe (1808–1870) and his wife, the singer Lina Roser, was born in the rue de la Victoire, Paris...

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Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Sir John Barbirolli (1899–1970) by Georges Maiteny © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnett, John Francis (1837–1916), composer and pianist, born in London on 16 October 1837, was the son of a singing teacher, Joseph Alfred Barnett (the younger brother of the composer John Barnett), and his wife, née Hudson. He showed an early talent for music and began to study the piano at the age of six. In 1848 he commenced piano lessons with ...

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Barreto, Don Marino [real name José Bernabé Marino Barreto y Casanova] (1907–1995), pianist and singer, was born on 11 June 1907 in Havana, Cuba, the eldest among the three sons of José Marino Barreto y Lopez, a doctor, dental surgeon, and politician, and his wife, whose maiden name was ...

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Barrett, Thomas Augustine [pseuds. Leslie Stuart, Lester Thomas] (1863–1928), composer, was born on 15 March 1863 in Southport, Lancashire, the younger son of Thomas Barrett, cabinet-maker (b. c.1830), and his wife, Mary Ann Burke, née Lester (b. c...