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Josiah Bartlett (1729–1795) by John Trumbull, 1790 New Hampshire Historical Society

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Bartlett, Josiah (1729–1795), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 21 November 1729 in Amesbury, Massachusetts, the seventh and youngest child of Stephen Bartlett, a shoemaker, and his wife, Hannah Webster. Josiah had little schooling before being apprenticed to a relative, ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham (bap. 1799, d. 1839), an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1801...

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Margery Grace Blackie (1898–1981) by Mayotte Magnus, 1977 © Mayotte Magnus; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blackie, Margery Grace (1898–1981), homoeopathic physician, was born on 4 February 1898 at Redbourn, Hertfordshire. She was the youngest of ten children of Robert Blackie (c.1852–1936), a man of independent means, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1941), daughter of Rowland Rees...

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Elizabeth Blackwell (1821–1910) by Swaine © Wellcome Library, London

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Blackwell, Elizabeth (1821–1910), physician, was born on 3 February 1821 at Counterslip Street, Bristol, the third daughter and the third of nine children of Samuel Blackwell (c.1790–1838), sugar refiner, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Bristol jewellers (husband and wife) named ...

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Alexander Comfort (1920–2000) by Dellenback, 1961 © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Comfort, Alexander [Alex] (1920–2000), physician and writer, was born on 10 February 1920 at 21 Palmerston Crescent, Edmonton, Middlesex, the only son of Alexander Charles Comfort (1882/3–1975), an education officer for the London county council, and his wife, Daisy Elizabeth, née Fenner (...

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Elisha Cooke (1678–1737) by N. Byfield, 1713 photography courtesy Peabody Essex Museum

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Cooke, Elisha (1678–1737), politician and physician in America, was born on 20 December 1678 in Boston, Massachusetts, the only son of Elisha Cooke (1637–1715), also a physician and a long-time leader of the puritan or anti-prerogative faction in Massachusetts, and Elizabeth (1651–1715), daughter of ...

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Dawkins, (Charles John) Massey (1905–1975), anaesthetist, was born on 13 July 1905 at 4 Tanza Road, London, the only child of Charles William Dawkins (1870–1948), European manager of Massey Harris Co. Ltd, and his wife, Eleanor Selina Cranfield. Dawkins, who was known as ...

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Dowie, John Alexander (1847–1907), faith healer and leader of a religious group, was born in Leith Street Terrace, Edinburgh, on 25 May 1847, the son of John Dowie, a breeches maker, and his wife, Ann Macfarlan. At a school in Arthur Street, Edinburgh...

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Eliot, Jared (1685–1763), Congregationalist minister in America, physician, and writer on agriculture, was born on 7 November 1685 in Guilford, Connecticut, the first of four children of Joseph Eliot (1638–1694), Congregational minister, and Mary Wyllys. Eliot entered Harvard College in 1699 but studied there only a year. When ...

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Fletcher, Sir Walter Morley (1873–1933), physiologist and medical administrator, was born in Liverpool on 21 July 1873, the sixth and youngest son of the ten children of Alfred Evans Fletcher, civil servant, and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Morley, of Leeds...

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See Fowler, Lydia Folger

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Fowler, Lydia Folger (1822–1879), physician, author, and lecturer, was born on 5 May 1822 at Nantucket, Massachusetts, USA, the sixth child of Gideon Folger, mechanic, manufacturer, shipowner, and farmer, and his wife, Eunice Macy Folger. She received her early education in Nantucket, where she developed interests in mathematics and astronomy, and later she studied for one year at ...

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John Glaister (1856–1932) by William Somerville Shanks, 1917 © reserved / Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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Guntrip, Henry James Samuel [Harry] (1901–1975), psychotherapist and Congregational minister, the son of Henry Richard Guntrip (d. c.1923) and his wife, Harriet Louise Jessop (d. 1953), was born at 103 Dulwich Road, London, on 29 May 1901. His father, a commercial clerk, was the youngest of seven children. Before his marriage he was lively and enjoyed cricket. A Methodist lay preacher, he was founder of a breakaway evangelical movement, ...