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Article

Anderson, Patrick (1579/80–c. 1660), physician and manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in Scotland. By 1618, when his first work appeared, he was already an established physician in Edinburgh; the book, about the cold spring of Kinghorn Craig in the Firth of Forth...

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Browne, John Collis (1819–1884), physician and manufacturer of patent medicine, was born on 18 June 1819 at Maidstone in Kent, and baptized at the church of All Saints with St Philip in that town. His parents were Captain William Browne of the 13th light dragoons...

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Samuel Dale (bap. 1659, d. 1739) by George Vertue, 1737 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. S. Boulger

revised by Juanita Burnby

Dale, Samuel (bap. 1659, d. 1739), apothecary and physician, son of North Dale (bap. 1618), silk-thrower, and his wife, Christian, was baptized on 15 August 1659 at St Olave's, Hart Street, London. Dale was apprenticed for eight years to Thomas Wells, a ...

Article

W. J. Harrison

revised by Christine Clark

Dauglish, John (1824–1866), physician and bread manufacturer, was born on 10 February 1824, in Bethnal Green, London, the third son of William Dauglish (1782–1855) and his wife, Caroline née Baker (1781–1865). His father, who was of Scottish descent, was employed in one of the large ...

Article

Drage, William (bap. 1636, d. 1668), physician and apothecary, was baptized at Raunds, Northamptonshire, on 8 January 1636, the son of William and Elizabeth Drage, who were able to provide him with a good grammar-school education. He was then apprenticed to an apothecary, and in 1658 settled in ...

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Robert James (bap. 1703, d. 1776) by William Walker, pubd 1778 (after Peter Scheemakers) by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

Article

James, Robert (bap. 1703, d. 1776), physician and inventor of James's fever powder, was baptized on 23 August 1703 at Shenstone, Staffordshire, the son of Edward James of Kinvaston, a major in the army, and his wife, Frances Clarke of Stafford. He was educated at ...

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William Jardine (1784–1843) by Thomas Goff Lupton (after George Chinnery) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jardine, William (1784–1843), physician and merchant, was born on 24 February 1784 at Broadholm, a farm near Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, the third son and the sixth of seven children of Andrew Jardine, farmer, and Elizabeth Johnstone. Educated in medicine at the University of Edinburgh...

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John Lawson Johnston (1839–1900) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900), nutrition promoter and food manufacturer, was born in Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland, on 28 September 1839, the eldest son of William Johnston and his wife, Jane, née McWilliam. His father was employed in the nearby gunpowder works until he was injured, after which he worked as a cobbler. ...

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Kranich, Burchard [known as Dr Burcot] (d. 1578), physician and mining entrepreneur, came from southern Germany (‘High Almain’); his name suggests that he was from Kronach, upper Franconia, near the mining area of the Erzgebirge. He is first heard of in 'The suit of Burghard touching the mines' (...

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Helen M. Dingwall

Mackail, Matthew (fl. 1657–1696), apothecary and physician, was the son of Hew Mackail (d. 1660), a clergyman who was appointed minister of Percietown in 1633 and was subsequently translated to Irvine and Trinity College Church, Edinburgh, and Sibilla Stevenson (d. 1665/6)...

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Nunes [Nuñez], Hector [known as Dr Hector] (1520–1591), physician and merchant, was born in Evora, Portugal. His family were among those Jews who had been forcibly baptized in 1497 by order of King Manuel I. He studied medicine at Coimbra University, taking a BA in 1540 and an MB in 1543. Because at this time the ...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Michael Bevan

Quincy, John (d. 1722), apothecary and physician, was apprenticed to an apothecary, and afterwards practised as an apothecary in London. He was a dissenter and a whig, a friend of Richard Mead, and an enemy of John Woodward. In 1717 he published a ...

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Russell, William (1634–c. 1696), chemical physician and apothecary, about whom details of family background remain obscure, was in all likelihood the brother of Richard Russell, a practitioner in chymical medicine and translator of alchemical works, with whom he ran a pharmacy business in ...

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Sayer, Augustin (1790–1861), physician and sanitarian, was born on 10 October 1790 at Bexley, Kent, one of several children of William Augustin Sayer and his wife, Anne; his grandfather Valentine Sayer (d. 1766), had been mayor of Sandwich in 1752, 1753, and 1760. When he was twelve years old ...

Article

Sermon, William (bap. 1629, d. 1680), physician and inventor of medicines, was almost certainly the William, son of John Surman, who was baptized on 8 November 1629 at Eldersfield, Worcestershire. He had a brother John, and was a near relative of Edmund, son of ...

Article

Stringer, Moses (d. 1714), chemical physician and master of mines, was one of the eleven children of Richard Stringer of Loughborough, Leicestershire. He practised paramedically before leaving the Newcastle under Lyme area in 1690 and obtaining a medical licence at Chester in July 1691. ...