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Abbatt [née Cobb], (Nora) Marjorie (1899–1991), promoter of toy design and businesswoman, was born on 18 March 1899 at 12 Lovelace Gardens, Surbiton, Surrey, the elder daughter of Edward Rhodes Cobb (1872-1965), a well-to-do fur broker, and his wife Marion Murray ...

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Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of William Albright, grocer and mercer of Charlbury, and his wife, Rachel Tanner of Woodborough, Somerset...

Article

Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

Article

Ashworth, Henry (1794–1880), cotton master, was born on 4 September 1794 at Birtwistle, near Bolton, the eldest of the six sons and five daughters of John Ashworth, land agent and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson. Educated locally and at Ackworth School...

Article

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

Image

David Barclay (1729–1809) by Houghton © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

P. G. M. Dickson

revised

Barclay, David (1682–1769), merchant, was born in Ury, Scotland, on 17 September 1682, the second son and second child in the family of three sons and four daughters of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay (1648–1690), of Ury, and his wife, Christian (c...

Article

Jacob M. Price

revised by Leslie Hannah

Barclay, David (1729–1809), banker and brewer, was the younger son of David Barclay (1682–1769), Quaker merchant, and his second wife, Priscilla, daughter of John Freame, banker, of Lombard Street. David and his brother John became partners in their father's linen and merchant house in ...

Article

Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

Article

Bevan, Silvanus (1691–1765), apothecary, was born in Swansea on 28 October 1691, the second son of Silvanus Bevan (1661–1727) and his wife, Jane, née Phillips. The descendant of influential and prosperous Welsh Quakers (his grandfather had been a Swansea alderman and a merchant), ...

Article

Bewley, Joshua (1819–1900), tea and coffee merchant, was born on 19 January 1819, the youngest child in the family of thirteen children of Samuel Bewley (1764–1837), silk merchant, of Rockville, co. Dublin, and his wife, Elizabeth (1771–1848), daughter of Nehemiah Fayle of Limerick...

Article

Binns family (per. c. 1810–1897), drapers, originated with George Binns (1781–1836), born at Crawshawbooth, Lancashire, on 8 March 1781, the fourth son of David Binns, a clogger, and his wife, Ann Robinson. The Binns family were Quakers who had extensive links with other Quaker families throughout the north of ...

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Michael S. Moss

In 

See Binns family

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Michael S. Moss

In 

See Binns family

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See Binns family

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Browne, Edward (d. 1730), merchant, was born in Cork, the son of James Browne. He later moved to Sunderland, where he served his apprenticeship and later became prosperous in overseas trade. In 1727 he built himself a substantial residence that was adjoined to several other houses for the captains of his ships and other persons in his employment. The building afterwards became the custom house for the port of ...

Image

Wilberforce Bryant (1837–1906) by Augusto Stoppoloni Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

Article

Bryant, Wilberforce (1837–1906), match manufacturer, was born in Plymouth on 25 January 1837, the eldest of four sons (there was also a daughter) of William Bryant (1804–1874) and his wife, Elizabeth Carkeet. William Bryant, who had become a Quaker on his marriage, ran a malodorous business making tallow, candles, blacking, sugar, and locomotive lubricants. In 1844 he teamed up with a fellow Quaker, ...

Article

See Cadbury, Dame Geraldine Southall

Article

Cadbury, Edward (1873–1948), confectionery manufacturer and industrial and social reformer, was born at 32 George Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 20 March 1873, the eldest son of George Cadbury (1839–1922), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his first wife, Mary, née Tylor (1849–1887). He was educated at the ...