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Article

Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster, was probably born at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Angus, a labourer and engine-keeper, and Margaret Young. His parents married in November 1835, and Angus may have been conceived, or even born, before the marriage. Educated at ...

Article

Bainbridge, Emerson Muschamp (1845–1911), mining engineer and colliery owner, was born on 23 December 1845 in Portland Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, the third son and fourth child in the family of fifteen children (ten of whom survived childhood) of Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge (1817–1892)...

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Barber, John (1734–1793), coalmaster and inventor, was born at Greasley Castle Farm, Nottinghamshire, and baptized at Greasley on 22 October 1734, the eldest son of Francis Barber (d. 1782), Nottinghamshire coalmaster, and his wife, Elizabeth Fletcher (d. 1787). His mother's father, ...

Article

W. H. Tregellas

revised by Philip Payton

Basset, John (1791–1843), writer on Cornish mining, was born on 17 November 1791 at Illogan, Cornwall, the son of the Revd John Basset (d. 1816), rector of Illogan and Camborne, and Mary Wingfield of Durham, his wife. He was baptized at Illogan church...

Article

Beaumont, Huntingdon (1561–1624), coal owner, was born probably at Coleorton, Leicestershire, the fourth and youngest son of Nicholas Beaumont (d. 1585), and Anne (d. 1581), daughter of William Saunders, of Welford, Northamptonshire. He had three brothers, the second of whom died in infancy, and two sisters. His father owned the ...

Article

See Beaumont, Huntingdon

Image

Alfred Beit (1853–1906) by Giovanni Boldini, 1904 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

Article

C. W. Boyd

revised by Ian Phimister

Beit, Alfred (1853–1906), mining magnate and philanthropist, born at Hamburg on 15 February 1853, was the eldest son of Siegfried and Laura Beit. His father was a merchant belonging to a well-known Hamburg family descended from Portuguese Jews, and Lutheran by religion. Beit...

Article

See Bellasis family

Article

Berry, (Henry) Seymour, Baron Buckland (1877–1928), financier and coal industrialist, was born at 73 Lower Thomas Street, Merthyr Tudful, on 17 September 1877, the eldest of three sons of John Mathias Berry (d. 1917), JP, estate agent and valuer, of Gwaelod-y-garth, Merthyr Tudful...

Image

Sir William Blackett, first baronet (1621–1680) by Peter Cross Wallington, The Trevelyan Collection (The National Trust) / NTPL / Brenda Norrish

Article

Blackett, Sir William, first baronet (1621–1680), merchant and mine owner, was born on 1 May 1621 and baptized at Gateshead although his family was based at Hamsterley, 6 miles west of Bishop Auckland in the county palatine of Durham. He was the third son of ...

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Blackett, Sir William, first baronet (1657–1705), landowner and mine owner, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 5 April 1657. He was the eighth child and third surviving son of Sir William Blackett, also first baronet (1621–1680), and his first wife, Elizabeth (...

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Bowes, George (1701–1760), coal owner and landscape builder, was born on 21 August 1701 at Streatlam Castle, near Barnard Castle, co. Durham, the third son of Sir William Bowes (bap. 1657, d. 1707), landowner, of Streatlam, and his wife, Elizabeth Blakiston (...

Article

Bowes, John (1811–1885), coal industrialist and art collector, was born at 13 South Street, Chelsea, London, on 19 June 1811, the illegitimate son of John Bowes, tenth earl of Strathmore (1769–1820), and Mary (1787–1860), the daughter of George and Ann Milner of Stainton, co. Durham...

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Bradshaigh, Sir Roger, third baronet (bap. 1675, d. 1747), politician and coal owner, was baptized on 29 April 1675, the first son of Sir Roger Bradshaigh, second baronet (c.1649–1687), of Haigh Hall, Lancashire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1733), the daughter and coheir of ...

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Bradshaigh, Sir Roger, first baronet (1628–1684), politician and colliery owner, was born at Haigh Hall, Haigh near Wigan in Lancashire, on 13 January 1628, the eldest surviving son of James Bradshaigh (1598–1631) of Haigh and his wife, Ann, fourth daughter of Sir William Norris...

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Bruce, Sir George (c. 1550–1625), mining industrialist and landowner, was probably born about 1550, the youngest of the three sons of Sir Edward Bruce (1505–1565) of Blairhall near Culross, in Perthshire, and Alison Reid of Aitkenhead, a sister of the bishop of Orkney...

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Bulmer, Sir Bevis (d. 1613), courtier and mining projector, whose origins are shrouded in mystery, was a close friend of both Queen Elizabeth and James VI and I. Stephen Atkinson, his refiner of ores and a constant companion after 1587, wrote an account of ...

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Bushell, Thomas (b. before 1600, d. 1674), mining entrepreneur and mint-master, was born into a minor gentry family of Cleeve Prior, near Evesham, in Worcestershire. In Aubrey's words he had a good wit and a working and contemplative head; but his education was neglected—he admits an ignorance of Latin in the first of his many pamphlets, ...