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Allan, William (1813–1874), trade unionist, was born at Carrickfergus in Antrim, the son of a Scottish cotton-mill manager. His parents soon moved back to Scotland where at the age of twelve he began work as a cotton piecer, but then shifted to an engineering apprenticeship at ...

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Arch, Joseph (1826–1919), trade unionist and politician, was born at Barford, Warwickshire, on 10 November 1826, the son of John Arch (b. c.1793), a shepherd, and Hannah Pace (c.1783–1845). Before her marriage his mother worked as a domestic servant in ...

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Joseph Arch (1826–1919) by Barraud, c. 1890 Getty Images – Barraud

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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann Birtwistle, a hand-loom weaver. Put to the hand-loom at the age of six, he became a power-loom weaver when he was fourteen and married a fellow weaver, ...

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Broadhead, William (1815–1879), trade unionist and publican, was born at Whirlow, near Sheffield, in September 1815. As a boy he worked with his father, who was a foreman in a saw-grinding workshop in Garden Street in Sheffield. On leaving his father, he worked for a time as a saw grinder at ...

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John Bromley (1876–1945) by Walter Stoneman, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bromley, John (1876–1945), trade unionist, was born on 16 July 1876 at Haston Grove, Hadnall, Shropshire, the son of Charles Alfred Bromley, a dyer, and his wife, Martha Helen, née Wellings. He attended the local board school, followed by an upper grade church school until he was twelve. Straitened home circumstances then compelled him to work part-time, first as a country postboy at ...

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Clay, Trevor (1936–1994), nurse and trade unionist, was born on 10 May 1936 at 47 Deacon Street, Chilvers Coton, Nuneaton, the eldest of the six children of Joseph Reginald George Clay (1901–1971), a wheelwright at Dunlop, and his wife, Florence Emma (1903–1991), née...

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Concannon, John Dennis [Don] (1930–2003), politician, was born on 16 May 1930 at 6 Aberconway Crescent, Rossington, near Doncaster, Yorkshire, the son of James Dennis Concannon, miner, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth, née Spencer. He was educated at Rossington secondary school and subsequently at ...

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Concemore Thomas Thwaites Cramp (1876–1933) by unknown photographer by permission of the People's History Museum

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Cramp, Concemore Thomas Thwaites [Charlie] (1876–1933), trade unionist, was born on 19 March 1876 at Staplehurst in Kent, the son of Cedelia Jane Cramp. No father is indicated on the birth certificate. At the age of twelve, after leaving Staplehurst board school, he went to work in the gardens of a local squire and subsequently was employed in ...

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Dickenson [née Welsh], Sarah (1868–1954), trade unionist and suffragist, was born on 28 March 1868 in Borsall Road, Hulme, Manchester, the second of five children of Scot John Welsh, enameller and coach-painter, and his wife, Jane Ferguson. From 1879, when she was eleven years old, until 1895, ...

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Dilke [née Strong; other married name Pattison], Emilia Francis, Lady Dilke (1840–1904), art historian and trade unionist, was born on 2 September 1840 in Ilfracombe, Devon, the fourth of the six children of Henry Strong (1794–1876) and his wife, Emily Weedon (...

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Emilia Francis Dilke, Lady Dilke (1840–1904) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1887 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edwards, (Allen) Clement (1869–1938), trade unionist, barrister, and journalist, was born on 7 June 1869 in Knighton, Radnorshire, the third of seven children born to George Benjamin Edwards, auctioneer, master tailor, and draper, and Sarah Ellen (née Tudge). Both parents came from farming, nonconformist, and radical families in the border areas. ...

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Golding, John (1931–1999), politician and trade union leader, was born at 112 Fernley Road, Sparkhill, Birmingham, on 9 March 1931, the only son and fourth among the five children of Peter John Macgregor Golding, chef, and his wife, (Marjorie) Eileen Lycett. Golding claimed that his work was inspired by experiences in childhood; at the age of ten he was hit by a bus and, having been refused an anaesthetic because it cost ...

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Graves, John James (1832–1903), schoolmaster and advocate of teachers' associations, was born on 15 January 1832 at Chesterton, near Cambridge, the son of John and Sarah Graves. He was the eldest of eight children, six of whom survived childhood. His father was a shoemaker who in 1835 moved to ...

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Dame Florence May Hancock (1893–1974) by Elliott & Fry, 1956 © National Portrait Gallery, London