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Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived to adulthood. Austin was a pupil of Robert Stephenson, with whom he worked on the London and Birmingham and London and Blackwall railways...

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Bywater, (Richard) Arthur Samuel (1913–2005), munitions factory official, was born on 3 November 1913 at 1 Teignmouth Road, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the third son of Walter Bywater, clerk at a tinplate works, later chief clerk of stores at the Austin Motor Company, Longbridge, Birmingham...

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D'A. Power

revised by Richard Hankins

Corfield, William Henry (1843–1903), sanitarian, born on 14 December 1843 at Shrewsbury, was the eldest son of Thomas Corfield, chemist, and his wife, Jane Brown. Educated at Cheltenham grammar school, he gained a demyship in natural science at Magdalen College, Oxford, and matriculated on 12 October 1861; he gained a first class in mathematical moderations in 1863. While studying at ...

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Minnie Louise Haskins (1875–1957) by Keystone, 1939 © Getty Images

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Haskins, Minnie Louise (1875–1957), author and industrial welfare promoter, was born at 2 Kingswood Hill, Oldland, near Bristol, on 12 May 1875, the second child and eldest daughter of Joseph Haskins (1842–1891), a grocer who acquired a pottery works at Warmley where he manufactured clay drainpipes, and his wife, ...

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Sayer, Augustin (1790–1861), physician and sanitarian, was born on 10 October 1790 at Bexley, Kent, one of several children of William Augustin Sayer and his wife, Anne; his grandfather Valentine Sayer (d. 1766), had been mayor of Sandwich in 1752, 1753, and 1760. When he was twelve years old ...

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Smith, (William) Frederick Danvers, second Viscount Hambleden (1868–1928), newsagent and hospital reformer, was born at Filey, Yorkshire, on 12 August 1868, the only surviving son and youngest of the six children of William Henry Smith (1825–1891), newsagent and politician, and his wife, Emily Leach, ...

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Thom, Robert, of Ascog (1774–1847), civil engineer and industrialist, was born in the parish of Tarbolton, Ayrshire, in January 1774, the elder son of John Thom, tenant farmer. His mother's identity remains elusive because her name was not recorded in Thom's baptismal entry in the ...