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Budding, Edwin Beard (1796–1846), engineer and inventor, was born on 25 August 1796 and baptized at St Michael's, Eastington and Alkerton, Gloucestershire, on 10 November 1796, the son of Charles Brain Budding (bap. 1755), and his wife, Mary Beard. Nothing is known of ...

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Sir George Herbert Dowty (1901–1975) by unknown photographer Royal Aeronautical Society Library

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Heathcoat, John (1783–1861), inventor of the bobbin net machine and lace manufacturer, was born at Duffield, near Derby, on 7 August 1783, the son of Francis Heathcote (or Heathcoat), a farmer and grazier, and his wife Elizabeth née Burton. The family moved to ...

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John Heathcoat (1783–1861) by William Holl © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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Lorimer, Sir William (1844–1922), locomotive engineer and industrialist, was born on 4 November 1844 in Sanquhar, Dumfriesshire, son of William Lorimer, house factor, and Margaret Whigham. Little is known about his family origins and early life in Sanquhar. He attended the local parish school and at the age of fifteen joined the ...

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Mather, Sir William (1838–1920), mechanical engineer and textile equipment manufacturer, was born in John Street, Manchester, on 15 July 1838, the son of William Mather senior (d. 1858) and his wife, Amelia, daughter of James Tidswell of Manchester. The family operated a small machine works and iron foundry in ...

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Matthews, Sir Peter Alec (1922–2006), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 September 1922 on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, the son of Major Alec Bryan Matthews, a steel engineer, and his wife, Elsie Lazarus, née Barlow. Brought up on a farm at ...

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Andrew Meikle (1719–1811) by A. Reddock, c. 1790–1800 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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Newcomen, Thomas (bap. 1664, d. 1729), ironmonger and inventor of the atmospheric steam engine, was born at Dartmouth, Devon, and baptized at St Saviour's Church on 28 February 1664, one of two sons of Elias Newcomen (d. 1702), a freeholder, shipowner, and merchant, and his wife, ...

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Raper, George Frederick (1909–1973), mechanical engineer and inventor of wool textile machinery, was born at 7 Cranbourne Road, Bradford, on 4 April 1909, the son of Arthur Ernest Raper (1870–1948) and his wife, Maggie Maud, née Smith (1878/9–1960). Arthur Raper was chairman and managing director of the long-established woolcombers ...

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Smith, James, of Deanston (1789–1850), textile industrialist and agricultural engineer, was born in Glasgow on 3 January 1789, the son of a Glasgow merchant of a Galloway family, who died two months after his birth. He was brought up by his maternal uncle, ...

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Stringfellow, John (1799–1883), bobbin manufacturer and aeronautical engineer, was born in Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 6 December 1799, the son of William Stringfellow, cutler, and his wife, Martha. His father was a man of wide scientific interests from whom he inherited a considerable degree of mechanical aptitude and ingenuity....

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Whitworth, Sir Joseph, baronet (1803–1887), mechanical engineer and machine tool manufacturer, was born at Stockport on 21 December 1803, the son of Charles Whitworth (1782–1870) and Sarah (1780–1814), daughter of Joseph Hulse. His father was a loom framemaker in the textile industry who, when his wife died in 1814, put his three young children in the care of foster parents and took advantage of an offer to train for the Congregationalist ministry. ...