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Anstruther, Sir John, fourth baronet and first baronet (1753–1811), politician and judge, was born on 27 March 1753 at Elie House, Elie, Fife, the second son of Sir John Anstruther, second baronet (1718–1799), politician, and his wife, Janet Fall (1727–1802), daughter of James Fall...

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Atkyns, Sir Edward (1587–1669), judge, was born at Hensington, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, the son of Richard Atkyns and his wife, Eleanor Marsh. He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn on 5 February 1601 and was called to the bar on 25 January 1614. In 1630 he became a governor of the society and two years later an ‘autumn reader’. ...

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Baker, Sir John (c. 1489–1558), administrator and speaker of the House of Commons, was born c.1489, being about sixty-two in 1551, the eldest of four sons of Richard Baker (d. 1504), landowner, of Cranbrook, Kent, and his wife, Joan (d...

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Baldwin, Sir John (bap. before 1470, d. 1545), judge, was born shortly before 1470, a younger son of William Baldwin (d. 1479?) of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, and Agnes, daughter of William Dormer of Wycombe in the same county. William's brother, John Baldwin (...

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Brabazon, Sir William (d. 1552), lord justice of Ireland, was the son of John Brabazon, a gentleman of Eastwell, Leicestershire; his mother's maiden name was Chaworth. At an unknown date he married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Nicholas Clifford of Holme, Kent; they had two sons and two daughters. ...

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Bradshaw, Henry (c. 1500–1553), judge, was the only surviving son of William Bradshaw of Wendover, Buckinghamshire, who died in 1537. He was admitted to the Inner Temple from Barnard's Inn in 1521. Although he was temporarily put out of commons for quarrelling in 1529, he was called to the bar about that time and became a bencher in 1536 when he gave his first reading. He served as double reader in 1542, notwithstanding that he had the king's letters to be excused (as a law officer), and was treasurer for three years from 1544. It was probably during the 1540s that he erected chambers in the inn, known for a while as ...

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Brereton, Sir William (d. 1541?), lord justice of Ireland, was the eldest son of Sir Andrew Brereton of Brereton, Cheshire, and Agnes, daughter of Robert Legh of Adlington in the same county. William was knighted before 1523 and served on several local commissions. He married, first, ...

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Broke, Sir Robert (d. 1558), judge, legal writer, and speaker of the House of Commons, was probably born in the first decade of the sixteenth century. He was the eldest son of Thomas Broke of Claverley, Shropshire, and Margaret, daughter of Humphrey Grosvenor...

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Bromley, Sir Thomas (d. 1555), judge, was born about the end of the fifteenth century. He was the second son of Roger Bromley of Mitley, Shropshire, and Jane, daughter of Thomas Jennings of Church Pulverbatch. He was a cousin of George Bromley (...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Jonathan Harris

Brown, James Baldwin, the elder (1790–1843), judge and writer, was born on 6 June 1790 (BL Add MS 57508, fol. 117) and baptized at St Andrew, Enfield, Middlesex on 7 July 1790, the son of James Brown and his wife Jane...

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Browne, Sir Samuel (b. in or before 1598, d. 1668), politician and judge, was the son of Nicholas Browne, vicar of Polebrook, Northamptonshire and prebendary of Peterborough, and Frances, daughter of Thomas St John, third son of Oliver, Lord St John. He was admitted pensioner of ...

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Carnegie, Sir Robert, of Kinnaird (d. 1566), diplomat and judge, was the son of John Carnegie of Kinnaird (d. 1513) and Jane Vaus. He inherited the family estates in Forfarshire on his father's death. He married Margaret Guthrie, the daughter of a north-east laird, and they had at least three sons. He also had an illegitimate son, ...

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J. A. Hamilton

revised by Robert Brown

Clarke, Charles (c. 1702–1750), judge, was the third son of Alured Clarke (1658/9–1744) of Godmanchester in Huntingdonshire, and his second wife, Ann (1667/8–1755), fourth daughter of the Revd Charles Trimnell, rector of Abbots Ripton in Huntingdonshire, and sister to Bishop Trimnell of Winchester...

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Clive, Sir Edward (1704–1771), judge, was the eldest son of Edward Clive of Wormbridge, Herefordshire, and Aldermanbury, London, and his wife, Sarah Key, daughter of a Bristol merchant. According to family tradition, George Clive (d. 1780), barrister and husband of the actress ...

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Coningsby [Conyngesby], William (d. 1540), judge, was the second (and eldest surviving) son of Sir Humphrey Coningsby (d. 1535), justice of the king's bench, and his first wife, Isabel Fereby. He was educated in the 1490s at Eton College, and then at King's College, Cambridge...

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Cooke [Coke], William (d. 1553), judge, is said to have been born in Chesterton, near Cambridge, where he had a house, and to have attended Cambridge University, although the latter point is dubious. His parentage is obscure, but his father may have been the East Anglian attorney called ...

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Corbet [Corbett], John (1609–1670), politician and judge, was the eldest son of Richard Corbet, gentleman of Halston, Shropshire. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and entered Gray's Inn on 6 June 1627. On 11 February 1639 he was called to the bar and about November 1641 he married ...

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J. L. Brierly

revised by Hugh Mooney

Evans, Sir Samuel Thomas (1859–1918), politician and judge, was born on 4 May 1859 at Skewen, near Neath, Glamorgan, the only son of John Evans, grocer, and his wife, Margaret, née Thomas. After school in Swansea, he took his LLB at London University...

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Eyre, Sir Giles (bap. 1635, d. 1695), judge, was the eldest son of Giles Eyre (bap. 1608, d. 1685) of Brickworth, Whiteparish, Wiltshire, and Anne (bap. 1617), daughter of Sir Richard Norton, first baronet, of Rotherfield, East Tisted, Hampshire. He was baptized on 28 May 1635 at ...

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Fell, Thomas (bap. 1599, d. 1658), judge, was baptized in Ulverston, Lancashire, on 13 March 1599, the son of George Fell of Hawkeswell (fl. 1596–1614), a gentleman of an ancient Lancashire family. He entered Gray's Inn in 1623 and was called to the bar in 1631. In 1651 he was chosen a bencher of that society. By then he had established himself as a prominent lawyer and a leading judicial figure within the parliamentarian and republican establishments....