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Allen, John (d. 1855), Irish nationalist and army officer, was a native of Dublin, where he was also for some time a partner in a drapery business. His participation in the United Irish movement brought him the unwanted attention of the authorities and he left ...

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Bagenal [Bagnal], Sir Nicholas (d. 1590/91), soldier, was the second son of John Bagenal (d. 1558), a tailor by trade and mayor of Newcastle under Lyme on several occasions, and Elinor, daughter of Thomas Whittingham of Middlewich, Cheshire. Nothing is known about his early life until 1539 when ...

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Baker, Henry (d. 1689), army officer, was a lieutenant in the Irish army during the reign of Charles II. He was one of the protestant officers purged by the earl of Tyrconnell in 1686, after which he returned to his land at Dunmahon, co. Louth...

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Beamish, North Ludlow (1797–1872), army officer, writer, and antiquary, was the third son of William Beamish of Beaumont House, co. Cork, and his wife, Anne Jane Margaret, daughter of Robert De-la-Cour of Short Castle, co. Cork. The family claimed descent from one of the followers of ...

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Bland, Humphrey (1685/6–1763), army officer and author, was born in Ireland, of uncertain parentage, though to a Yorkshire gentry family settled there since the mid-1660s, in whose seat at Blandsfort, Queen's county, he himself later lived. On account of the loss of the Irish army's papers in the ...

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Bloomfield, Benjamin, first Baron Bloomfield (1768–1846), army officer and courtier, the only son of John Bloomfield, of Newport, co. Tipperary, a lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, and his wife, Anne (d. 1828), daughter of Samuel Waller, barrister, and sister of Sir Robert Waller, baronet...

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Borlase, Sir John (c. 1576–1648), army officer and politician, was born in Cornwall, the eldest son of Edward Borlase of London, mercer, and Suzannah Isham. He matriculated as a pensioner from King's College, Cambridge, about 1591 but did not graduate, being admitted to the ...

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Sir John Borlase (c. 1576–1648) by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt, 1625 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Burlington and second earl of Cork (1612–1698), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 October 1612 at Youghal, co. Cork, the second child but eldest surviving son of Richard Boyle, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), and his wife, ...

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Sir Robert Brownrigg, first baronet (1759–1833) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1809 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

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Brownrigg, Sir Robert, first baronet (1759–1833), army officer and colonial governor, was born at Rockingham, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the second of the four sons of Henry Brownrigg (d. 1793) and his wife, Mary Alcock (d. 1819). Gazetted as ensign in 1775, his progress in the army was at first slow, his family lacking both wealth and influence. However, on 8 April 1789 ...

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Burgh, Ulysses Bagenal de, second Baron Downes (1788–1863), army officer, only son of Thomas Burgh (d. June 1810), comptroller-general and commissioner of the revenue of Ireland, and his wife, Anne, daughter of David Aigoin, was born in Dublin on 15 August 1788. He had two sisters. ...

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Butler, Richard, first earl of Arran (1639–1686), army officer, was born on 15 June 1639, probably in Ireland, the fifth son of James Butler, twelfth earl and later first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), and his wife, Elizabeth Butler (1615–1684), Lady Dingwall in her own right, daughter and heir of ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by Rosemary Richey

Caldwell, Hume (1735–1762), army officer in the Austrian service, was born in Castle Caldwell, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the third son of the eight children of Sir John Caldwell, second baronet (d. 1744), landowner, and Ann, eldest daughter of the Revd John Trench...

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See Campsie, John

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George Carew, earl of Totnes (1555–1629) by Robert van Voerst, pubd 1633 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carew, George, earl of Totnes (1555–1629), soldier and administrator, was born on 29 May 1555, the second son of George Carew (1497/8–1583), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1605), daughter of Sir Nicholas Harvey and his second wife, Bridget...

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Caulfeild, William, first Viscount Charlemont (1625–1671), army officer and politician, was the third son of William Caulfeild, second Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1587, d. 1640), and his wife, Mary (d. 1663), daughter of Sir John King of Boyle Abbey, co. Roscommon...

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Chichester, Arthur, Baron Chichester (1563–1625), army officer and administrator, was born at Raleigh, Devon, in May 1563, and was five and a half years old when his father died on 30 November 1568. He was the second son (in a family of seven sons and nine daughters) of ...