1-20 of 146 results  for:

  • Education and scholarship x
  • Religion and belief x
Clear all

Article

Aikin, John (1713–1780), tutor and theological scholar, was born on 28 December 1713 in London. His father, John Aikin (1664–1756), a linen draper from Kirkcudbright, Scotland, had settled there some time previously; his mother, Anne Bentall, is described as the daughter of a ...

Article

Alnwick, Martin (d. 1336), Franciscan friar, theologian, and philosopher, doubtless came from Northumberland. Possibly the Martinus occasionally recorded as participating in Oxford disputations in the last years of the thirteenth century, he was certainly at Oxford by 1300, when he was among the friars presented to the bishop of ...

Article

Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

Article

Arnold, Thomas Kerchever (bap. 1800, d. 1853), educational writer and theologian, was born at Stamford, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 6 March 1800, the son of Thomas Graham Arnold (1769/70–1855), a doctor of medicine, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was the grandson of ...

Article

Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian, was born on 29 March 1602 in Gateshead; nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of ...

Article

Baro, Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist, was born at Étampes (Seine-et-Oise), France, the son of Étienne Baron and his wife, Philippe Petit; in his autobiographical notes Peter says he was one of many children, first mentioning brothers Jean and Florent, so he was perhaps the third to survive. The family is believed to have belonged to the rich ...

Article

Barton [Berton], William (d. after 1382), theologian and university principal, originated in the diocese of Canterbury, and must have read the arts course at Oxford in the early 1350s. First recorded in 1356 as a fellow of Merton College, he vacated his fellowship in 1361, although he acted as a feoffee for the college as late as 1380. He was bachelor of theology by 1376 and doctor by 1380. He was admitted rector of ...

Article

Bate, John (d. 1430), logician and theologian, was, according to Leland, born west of the Severn (perhaps in the Welsh marches), but educated at the Carmelite convent in York. As a Carmelite friar he was a member of the London convent when he was ordained deacon by ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Baylee, Joseph (1807–1883), theological teacher and writer, was born on 23 July 1807, at Limerick, the fifth son of John Tyrrell Baylee, a Quaker schoolmaster, and his wife, Jane, granddaughter of Lord Dunboyne and widow of Henry Bennis. Initially self-educated, by his own account, ...

Article

Bede [St Bede, Bæda, known as the Venerable Bede] (673/4–735), monk, historian, and theologian, in his Historia ecclesiastica (731) outlines his own life. Born in northern Northumbria, his relations put him in the monastery of Wearmouth at the age of seven. He transferred to the nearby sister house of ...

Article

Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

Article

Billingham [Bullingham], Richard (fl. c. 1344–c. 1361), logician and theologian, was associated with Merton College, Oxford, as a fellow from c.1344 until c.1361. He held many offices at the college, was sub-warden for several years and is said to have presented to the college library tables on logic and philosophy that he had probably compiled himself; this material does not appear to have survived. He obtained from the university the degrees of MA and BTh. In March 1349, following the election of ...

Article

Bloxham, John [Geffrei] (c. 1340–1387), theologian and college head, evidently came from Bloxham, Oxfordshire. He was elected fellow of Merton in 1361, and spent his whole life thereafter at the college, as bursar in 1365–7, and as warden from 16 October 1375 until his death. He studied theology as a fellow, and having completed all the requirements for the doctorate by October 1375 qualified as an inceptor in theology; but, presumably omitting to perform his necessary lectures as a regent master, he did not graduate as a doctor. He benefited from the ecclesiastical patronage of his college, becoming vicar of ...

Article

Blunt, John Henry (1823–1884), ecclesiastical historian and theological writer, was born at Chelsea on 25 August 1823, where he was educated in a private school. For some years after leaving school he was a manufacturing chemist, but in 1850 he entered University College, Durham...

Article

Boyce, (Nora Elisabeth) Mary (1920–2006), scholar of Zoroastrianism, was born on 2 August 1920 in Darjeeling, India, where her parents were resting. Her father, William H. Boyce, was a judge in the Calcutta high court. Her mother, Nora, née Gardiner, was a granddaughter of the historian ...

Article

Brinkley, Richard (fl. 1355–1375), Franciscan friar, theologian, and philosopher, was for a long time mistakenly referred to as Walter Brinkley. Nothing is known of his early life, except that he joined his order in Oxford. Brinkley's philosophical and theological ideas circulated at the ...

Article

Brinknell, Thomas (c. 1470–1539), schoolmaster and theologian, originated in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield, and studied the arts course at Lincoln College, Oxford, during the 1490s, gaining an MA degree by 1495. On leaving Oxford he began a lifelong vocation as a grammar-school master. His first post was at ...

Article

Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

Image

Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bury, Arthur (1623/4–1713), college head and writer on theology, was probably born at Sidbury, Devon, the son of John Bury (1580–1667), the vicar there, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1644). He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 5 April 1639, aged fifteen, graduated BA on 29 November 1642, and became fellow the following year. Deprived of his fellowship by the parliamentary visitors in 1648, he went to live with his father in ...