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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann Birtwistle, a hand-loom weaver. Put to the hand-loom at the age of six, he became a power-loom weaver when he was fourteen and married a fellow weaver, ...

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Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1837 at West Ham, Essex, the eldest of six sons of Sir Edward North Buxton, second baronet (1812–1858), and his wife, Catherine, second daughter of Samuel Gurney (1786–1856)...

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Ewart, Sir William, first baronet (1817–1889), linen manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist, was born on 11 November 1817 in Sydenham, on the outskirts of Belfast, the eldest son of William Ewart (1789–1873) and Mary Anne, née Rosen. He was educated at the Belfast Royal Academy...

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See Maclure, Edward Craig

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Merewether, Edward Rowland Alworth (1892–1970), factory inspector, was born on 2 March 1892 at 33 Arbour Square, Stepney, London, the only son and eldest of the three children of Alworth Edward Merewether (b. c.1870) later a Royal Navy surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Stuart Rendel, Baron Rendel (1834–1913) by unknown photographer, 1910 Getty Images

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Rendel, Stuart, Baron Rendel (1834–1913), industrialist, politician, and philanthropist, was born in Plymouth on 2 July 1834, the fourth son in the family of four sons and three daughters of James Meadows Rendel (1799–1856), civil engineer, and his wife, Catherine Jane, daughter of ...

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Streatfeild, Lucy Anne Evelyn Deane (1865–1950), factory inspector and social worker, was born at Madras, India, on 31 July 1865, and was baptized there on the following day, the daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Bonar Millett Deane (1834–1881) and his wife, the Hon. Lucy Boscawen...

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Margery Mary Edith Josephine Pia Tennant (1869–1946) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Tennant [née Abraham], Margery Mary Edith Josephine Pia [May] (1869–1946), factory inspector, was born on 5 April 1869 in Rathgar, co. Dublin, the only daughter of Dr George Whitley Abraham, lawyer, and his wife, Margaret Curtin.

May Abraham was educated privately, mainly by her father, and never achieved any formal qualification. Although brought up a Roman Catholic, she later joined the ...

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Maker: Enoch Seeman the younger

Elihu Yale (1649–1721) by Enoch Seeman the younger, 1717 © Yale University Art Gallery

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Yale, Elihu (1649–1721), merchant and administrator in India and benefactor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 5 April 1649, the second son of David Yale (1614–1690) of Denbighshire, merchant, and Ursula Yale (b. c.1624). In 1652 Elihu's family returned to Britain...