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H. T. Wood

revised by Ralph Harrington

Adams, William Bridges (1797–1872), railway engineer, was born in Westminster, London, on 26 May 1797, the son of William Adams, a coach builder, and his wife, Ann. He showed an early aptitude for engineering. On 30 November 1818 he married Elizabeth, daughter of the radical ...

Article

See Armstrong, Joseph

Article

Armstrong, Joseph (1816–1877), locomotive engineer, was born on 21 September 1816 at Bewcastle, Cumberland, the son of Thomas Armstrong (1785–1844), yeoman and later farm bailiff, and his wife. Joseph and his three older brothers went with their parents in 1817 to Canada where his brother ...

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Sir John Audley Frederick Aspinall (1851–1937) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Aspinall, Sir John Audley Frederick (1851–1937), mechanical engineer, was born in Liverpool on 25 August 1851, the second of three sons (there was also a daughter) of John Bridge Aspinall QC (1818–1886), who was latterly the recorder of the city of Liverpool, and his wife, ...

Article

G. Temple

revised by Anita McConnell

Bairstow, Sir Leonard (1880–1963), aeronautical engineer, was born on 25 June 1880 at Halifax in Yorkshire, the son of Uriah Bairstow, a commercial clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Lister. He attended schools in Halifax, from where he went, in 1898, on a scholarship to the ...

Article

Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beach, Harold Henry (1913–2010), engineer and car designer, was born on 15 February 1913 at 10 Malvern Villas, Willesden Lane, Acton, London, the only son of Henry Beach, coach builder, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Carter. He was educated privately and later studied engineering at a technical college. In 1928 he embarked on his career in the automotive industry when he became an apprentice draughtsman on a wage of ...

Article

Belliss, George Edward (1838–1909), mechanical engineer and engine manufacturer, was born at 95 Bull Street, Birmingham, on 30 August 1838, the youngest of four children of John Belliss (c.1795–1859), a linen and woollen draper, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Painter (...

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Bishop, Richard Evelyn Donohue [Dick] (1925–1989), mechanical engineer and naval architect, was born on 1 January 1925 in Lewisham, London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Norman Richard Bishop, chief accountant and director of Tar Residuals Ltd, and his wife, Dorothy Mary Wood...

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Bond, Lawrence (1907–1974), engineer and motor vehicle designer, was born at 5 Penwortham Hill, Penwortham, Preston, Lancashire, on 2 August 1907, the son of Frederick Charles Bond (1873–1963), a clothing maker who became a well-known local historian and artist, and his wife, Margaret Ellen, ...

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Boyd, Sir Robert Lewis Fullarton (1922–2004), physicist and engineer, was born on 19 October 1922 at 5 Melbourne Terrace, Saltcoats, Ayrshire, the elder of twin sons of William John Boyd, a works chemist, and his wife, Dorothy Jane, née Sibthorpe. Two years after his birth the family moved to ...

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Bramwell, Sir Frederick Joseph, baronet (1818–1903), mechanical engineer, was born on 7 March 1818 in Finch Lane, Cornhill, City of London. He was the third son of George Bramwell, a partner in the firm of Dorrien & Co., bankers, of Finch Lane. His mother was ...

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Sir Frederick Joseph Bramwell, baronet (1818–1903) by Frank Holl courtesy of the Institution of Civil Engineers Archives

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H. M. Ross

revised by John Bosnell

Brennan, Louis Philip (1852–1932), mechanical engineer, the son of Thomas Brennan, a hardware merchant, and his wife, Bridget McDonnell, was born at Castlebar, co. Mayo, on 28 January 1852, and baptized Luis on 2 April. While still a boy he was taken to ...

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Brotherhood, Peter (1838–1902), mechanical engineer, was born on 22 April 1838, the second son of the fourteen children of Rowland Brotherhood (1812–1869), a railway contractor, and his wife, Priscilla, daughter of William Penton, an excise officer. He was born at Maidenhead, Berkshire, where his father was then engaged; later ...

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Bruyne, Norman Adrian de (1904–1997), aeronautical engineer, was born on 8 November 1904 at Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile, the fourth and youngest son of Dr Pieter Adriaan de Bruyne, a sheep farmer originally from the Netherlands, and his wife, Maude, née Mattocks, of English descent. His father had left ...

Article

G. P. Bulman

revised by Anita McConnell

Buchanan, Sir John Scoular (1883–1966), aeronautical engineer, was born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, on 23 November 1883, the son of Joseph Buchanan, a steel smelter, and his wife, Janet M. Scoular Hogg. They also had another son and a daughter who emigrated to Canada...

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Sir John Scoular Buchanan (1883–1966) by Walter Stoneman, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London