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Ælla (d. in or after 597?), king of Deira, was the son of Iffa. His existence is firmly documented, although the dates of his floruit are disputed. There is archaeological evidence for the settlement of Germanic people in what is now eastern Yorkshire...

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Ælle [Ælla] (fl. late 5th cent.), king of the South Saxons, is said by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have arrived in Britain in 477 with his three sons, Cymen, Wlencing, and Cissa. Their traditional landing place was at Cymenesora, a place on the ...

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Æthelberht I (d. 616?), king of Kent, was the successor of his father, King Eormenric (550x600) [see under Kent, kings of], and a member of the Kentish royal dynasty, the Oiscingas, said to have been founded by Æsc [see under...

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Æthelfrith (d. c. 616), king of Northumbria, was the son of Æthelric. He succeeded to the throne of Bernicia in 592, and in 604 to the joint Northumbrian kingdom of Deira and Bernicia which he ruled until 616. His first wife was Bebba...

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Ailill Molt (d. c. 482), high-king of Ireland, was one of the five or more sons of Nath Í mac Fiachrach (d. 445?), ancestor of many of the Uí Fhiachrach kings of Connacht. His mother was said to have been Ethne ingen Chonrach Cais...

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Allectus (d. 296), Roman emperor in Britain, first appears in the records of the revolt of his predecessor Carausius (286–93). What little can be established about him derives from hostile contemporary, or near contemporary, accounts of that revolt, in which Carausius rose against the joint emperors ...

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Allectus (d. 296) coin © Copyright The British Museum

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Antoninus Pius (ad 86–161) bust © Copyright The British Museum

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Antoninus Pius [Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Pius] (ad 86–161), Roman emperor, was born Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus at Lanuvium, near Rome, on 19 September ad 86, the only known child of Titus Aurelius Fulvus and Arria Fadilla. He was educated at home and about 110 married ...

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Bambatha ka Mancinza (1865/6–1906), chief and rebel in Natal, was born in 1865 or 1866 in the Umvoti division of the British colony of Natal. He was the son of the chief Mancinza (also called Sobhuza) ka Jangeni (d. 1883) and a daughter of the Chunu chief ...

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Big Bear [Mistahimaskwa] (c. 1825–1888), leader of the Plains Cree, was born north of Fort Carlton in Ruperts Land, Northwest Territories, the son of Black Powder (d. c.1864), a minor chief. His parents were of Plains Cree and Saulteaux background. Big Bear...

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Boudicca [Boadicea] (d. ad 60/61), queen of the Iceni, popularly known as Boadicea since the eighteenth century as a result of misreading manuscripts of the works of the Roman historian Tacitus, was the wife of Prasutagus [see under Roman Britain (55 bc–ad 84)...

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Joseph Brant (1743–1807) by Gilbert Stuart, 1786 [detail] Collection of the Duke of Northumberland. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Brant, Joseph [Thayendanegea] (1743–1807), leader of the Mohawk Indians, was born in 1743, probably in March, in or near Cuyahoga (near present-day Akron, Ohio). His parents, Peter Tehowaghwengaraghkwin and Margaret (fl. 1735–1780), were ordinary Mohawks with limited links to the tribe's leading families....