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Prince Adolphus Frederick, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, begun 1818 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Adolphus Frederick, Prince, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850), viceroy of Hanover, army officer, and son of George III, was born at the Queen's Palace (now Buckingham Palace), St James's Park, London, in the evening of 24 February 1774, the tenth child and seventh son of ...

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Amelia [Emily], Princess (1711–1786), daughter of George II, was born on 30 May/10 June 1711 at the palace of Herrenhausen in Hanover, Germany, the summer residence of her grandfather, Georg Ludwig, elector of Hanover (from 1714 King George I of Great Britain), the second daughter of ...

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Princess Amelia (1711–1786) by unknown engraver (after Jacopo Amigoni) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

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Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759) by Jacopo Amigoni, c. 1734 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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See Howard, Thomas, third duke of Norfolk

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759), princess of Orange, consort of William IV, was born on 2 November 1709 at the Leine palace, Hanover, the second child and eldest daughter of George Augustus, electoral prince of Hanover, later George II of Great Britain (1683–1760), and his wife, ...

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See Henry Frederick, Prince, duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

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Arthur, prince of Wales (1486–1502) by unknown artist, c. 1500 © Philip Mould, Historical Portraits Ltd

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Arthur, prince of Wales (1486–1502), was born at St Swithun's Priory, Winchester, on 19 September 1486, the eldest son of Henry VII (1457–1509) and his wife, Elizabeth of York (1466–1503), the eldest daughter of Edward IV, whom Henry had married on 18 January 1486, in fulfilment of an oath made at Christmas 1483. ...

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See Frederick Lewis, prince of Wales

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Prince Augustus Frederick, duke of Sussex (1773–1843) by Guy Head, 1798 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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T. F. Henderson

revised by John Van der Kiste

Augustus Frederick, Prince, duke of Sussex (1773–1843), sixth son and ninth child of George III and Queen Charlotte, was born at Buckingham House (later Palace) on 27 January 1773. From 1786, when he entered the University of Göttingen, until 1804, he mostly resided abroad. As a young man, he suffered severely from asthma; too delicate to join the ...

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Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn, was born at his mother's house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, on 8 May 1670. It is said that one day when the king was with ...

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Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and third sons of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), who was the eldest son of ...

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Beaufort, Edmund, styled third duke of Somerset (c. 1438–1471), magnate, was the second of the three sons of Edmund Beaufort, first duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick (1382–1439), and widow of Thomas, Baron Ros of Helmsley...

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Henry Beaufort (1375?–1447) stone effigy © English Heritage. NMR

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...