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Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897 at Hazelstubbs, Gravel Hill, Bexleyheath, the daughter of George Joseph Gill (c.1860–1947), a water-rate collector, and his wife, ...

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Andrews, Michael James (1928–1995), artist, was born on 30 October 1928 at 142 Glebe Road, Norwich, the second child of Thomas Victor Andrews, an insurance clerk, and his wife, Gertrude Emma, née Green. Reared a Methodist and readied by his parents for a job for life in the ...

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Boris Vasilyevich Anrep, Count Elmpt in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1883–1969) by Pierre Roy, 1949 [Boris Anrep in his Studio, 65 boulevard Arago] © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London, 2010; photograph Tate, London, 2004

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Anrep, Boris Vasilyevich, Count Elmpt in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1883–1969), mosaicist, came of a noble Russian family. He was born on 28 September 1883 in St Petersburg, the son of Vasily Konstantinovich von Anrep (1852–1927), a doctor who became the minister of education for ...

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Michael Ayrton (1921–1975) self-portrait, 1947 © Estate of Michael Ayrton; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ayrton [formerly Ayrton Gould], Michael (1921–1975), artist and writer, was born at 3 Hamilton Terrace, St John's Wood, London, on 20 February 1921, the only child of Gerald Gould (1885–1936), poet and journalist, and his wife, Barbara Bodichon Ayrton Gould (1886–1950), politician and sometime chairman of the ...

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Francis Bacon (1909–1992) by John Hedgecoe, 1970 © John Hedgecoe; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bacon, Francis (1909–1992), painter, was born on 28 October 1909 at 63 Lower Baggot Street, Dublin, the second of five children of English parents, Edward Anthony Mortimer Bacon, army officer, and his wife, Christina Winifred Firth. Bacon's father moved his family to Westbourne Terrace, London...

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Banham, (Peter) Reyner (1922–1988), architectural critic and historian, was born on 2 March 1922 in Norwich, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Percy Banham, gas engineer, and his wife, Violet Frances Maud Reyner. Reyner Banham (known to only his close friends as ...

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(Arthur) Clive Heward Bell (1881–1964) by Roger Fry, c. 1924 © Estate of Roger Fry; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, (Arthur) Clive Heward (1881–1964), art critic and writer, was born on 16 September 1881 at East Shefford, Berkshire, the second son of William Heward Bell (1849–1927), civil engineer, and his wife, Hannah Taylor Cory (1850–1942). In the words of his son Quentin...

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(Frank) Graham Bell (1910–1943) by Olivier Bell, 1938 [painting Dover Front] private collection

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Bell, (Frank) Graham (1910–1943), painter and writer, was born on 21 November 1910 near Brakpan, Johannesburg, Transvaal, the eldest of the three sons of Frank Graham Bell (1874–1948), a British mining engineer, and his wife, Marjorie, née Hewitt (1888–1979). The family spent from 1915 to 1922 in ...

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Walter Leonard Frederick Bird (1903–1969) by Godfrey Argent, 1966 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bird, Walter Leonard Frederick (1903–1969), photographer, was born at 141 Southampton Street, Camberwell, London, on 21 June 1903, the elder child and only son of Walter John Bird, letter sorter, and his wife, Charlotte Helena, née Richards. While both his parents hoped their son would become an engineer, ...

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(Charles) Mark Edward Boxer [Marc] (1931–1988) self-portrait, 1976 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boxer, (Charles) Mark Edward [pseud. Marc] (1931–1988), cartoonist and magazine editor, was born on 19 May 1931 in Chorleywood, Hertfordshire, the only son and younger child of Lieutenant-Colonel (Harold) Stephen Boxer, garage owner and car salesman, and his wife, Isobel Victoria Hughlings Jackson...

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John Randall Bratby (1928–1992) self-portrait, 1954 [Peterborough Joans] © reserved; Tullie House Museum & Art Gallery; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bratby, John Randall (1928–1992), artist, was born on 19 July 1928 at a nursing home in Wimbledon, the first of two children of George Alfred Bratby (1887–1947), wine taster, and his wife, Lily Beryl Randall (1897–1945). The Bratbys traced their roots to Derbyshire...

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Briscoe, Arthur John Reginald Trevor (1873–1943), engraver and marine artist, was born on 25 February 1873 at Mount Pleasant, Oxton, Birkenhead, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Briscoe (d. 1893), a prominent Liverpool businessman and senior partner in the cotton-broking firm of ...