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Abell, Adam (1475x80?–1537?), Franciscan friar and chronicler, was born in Salt Preston, Haddingtonshire, but the names and occupations of his parents are not recorded and details of his early life are scant. What little is known is derived largely from his chronicle, ...

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Achilli, (Giovanni) Giacinto (b. c. 1803), Dominican priest, anti-Catholic polemicist, and seducer, was born in the village of Celleno, 18 miles from Viterbo, then in the Papal States. He joined the Dominican order in 1819, studied at the convent of the Minerva in ...

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(Giovanni) Giacinto Achilli (b. c. 1803) by unknown engraver, pubd 1850 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alban [St Albans], Roger (d. after 1461), genealogist, copyist, and Carmelite friar, was born in St Albans, Hertfordshire, and joined his order in London. He was ordained acolyte on 17 December 1401 and deacon on 19 December 1405. His name occurs as the copyist on three manuscripts, BL, Harley MS 3138 (dated 1424), Harley MS 211, and Stowe MS 8, and it has also been claimed that he copied BL, Stowe MS 38 and, in 1439, the anti-...

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Alnwick, Martin (d. 1336), Franciscan friar, theologian, and philosopher, doubtless came from Northumberland. Possibly the Martinus occasionally recorded as participating in Oxford disputations in the last years of the thirteenth century, he was certainly at Oxford by 1300, when he was among the friars presented to the bishop of ...

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Alnwick, William (c. 1275–1333), Franciscan friar and theologian, and bishop of Giovinazzo, took his name from Alnwick in Northumberland. The course of his later career suggests that he was born about 1275. Having become a Franciscan friar, he probably studied theology at his order's studium at ...

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Anderson [alias Munson], Lionel [name in religion Albert] (c. 1633–1710), Dominican friar, was born in Lincolnshire, the son of William Anderson of Castlethorpe and his wife, Jane Johnson. He was received into the Roman Catholic church in Lisbon, and made his way to ...

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Anian [Einion ab Ynyr] (d. 1293), Dominican friar and bishop of St Asaph, is described in the Welsh chronicle Brut y tywysogyon as 'the Black Friar of Nannau' (Brut: Peniarth MS 20, 121). The text lends credibility to a statement by ...

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Arthur, James (1587–1654), Dominican friar and theologian, was born into a wealthy Limerick merchant family. He was sent to Spain where in 1606 he entered the Irish secular college in Salamanca. Later he joined the Dominicans. He attended the University of Salamanca from 1610 to 1616 and began teaching there about 1616. Already in 1626 he was recommended to ...

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Ashburne, Thomas (fl. 1384), Carmelite friar, was a member of the order in Northampton in 1384 when he wrote a short poem in English 'On Despising the World', which was given the Latin title De contemptu mundi. This composition was in three parts, and described the situation of the world of his day, its twelve defects, the signs in the heavens, and the lack of religious devotion among rulers and their subjects. The poem existed in the Cotton Library, MS Vitellius F.xiii.1, but was unfortunately lost in the fire of 1731. ...

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Ashby, David of (fl. 1260–1275), Dominican friar, is of uncertain origins. His Englishness is well attested, but the suggestion that he was related to a namesake who held Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, in 1242–3, though plausible, cannot be substantiated. Having joined the Dominican order...

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Atkinson, Matthew [name in religion Paul of St Francis] (1656–1729), Franciscan friar, was born in Yorkshire and entered the Franciscan order on 27 December 1673 at St Bonaventure's Franciscan College, Douai, where he had been educated. He took the name Paul of St Francis...

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Atwood, John [name in religion Peter] (1643–1712), Dominican friar, was born in Warwickshire. His mother's maiden name was Pitts, a name he adopted later as an alias. He was a pupil at St Omer in the Spanish Netherlands, in the Jesuit college founded by ...

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Awdelay [Audley], John (fl. 1417–1426), poet and Augustinian friar, was chaplain and chantry priest at Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, and the author of a number of English devotional poems and carols which are preserved in Bodl. Oxf., MS Douce 302 (first half of the fifteenth century; the linguistic evidence is said to point to ...

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Bacon [Bakun], Roger (c. 1214–1292?), philosopher and Franciscan friar, is by inference from his later career usually assigned a birth date about 1214, and from early traditions it seems that he came from the south-west of England, perhaps near Ilchester in Somerset.

Bacon...

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Baconthorpe [Baco], John (c. 1290–1345x52), Carmelite friar and theologian, was born at Baconsthorpe, near South Erpingham in Norfolk. According to his younger contemporary John Trisse, Baconthorpe was 'tiny' (minimus), though 'very great in his wisdom and learning' (Xiberta, 206). Probably at a young age, he entered the Carmelite convent at ...

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Badby, William (d. 1380/81), Carmelite friar and preacher, was born in East Anglia, of unknown parents. He joined the Carmelite order and probably passed his early years in religious life at Norwich. He was sent for his studies to Oxford, where his ability was quickly recognized, and he became one of the leading Carmelite theologians there, incepting as DTh. ...

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Reviser Robert Brown

Baker, Pacificus (1695–1774), Franciscan friar, was brought up as a protestant, but later converted. He studied at Douai in the Southern Netherlands, and was there professed a Franciscan. After ordination he was sent to the English mission and was attached to the Sardinian chapel in ...

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Bampton, John (fl. 1317–1341), Carmelite friar and theologian, according to John Bale (quoting an untraced Leland reference) came from the west country. He may possibly be identified with the Carmelite of the same name who was ordained deacon at Winchester on 17 December 1317, and who was listed as from the ...

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Bannard, John (fl. 1402–1411), Augustinian friar and theologian, is first mentioned in exercises dated 1402 in the theological notebook of an unknown bachelor (now Oxford, Corpus Christi College, MS 280), as opponent to questions raised on the second book of Peter Lombard's...