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Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada, was born in Hibbert township, near Seaforth, Perth county, Ontario, on 30 December 1878, the son of William Aberhart (who as a child had been brought from Germany) and his wife, Louisa Pepper, the daughter of an Englishman. He was educated at schools in ...

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John Abernethy (1680–1740) by John Brooks (after James Latham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abernethy, John (1680–1740), Presbyterian minister, was born on 19 October 1680, the son of John Abernethy (d. 1703), minister at Brigh, co. Tyrone, and his wife, a member of the family of Walkinshaw, of Walkinshaw, Renfrewshire. His father, who had settled in ...

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Adair, Archibald (d. 1647), Church of Ireland bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was the fourth son of Ninian Adair (fl. 1588), laird of Kinhilt in Galloway, and Catherine Agnew of Lochnaw, also in Galloway. He matriculated at St Andrews University in 1593 and graduated MA in 1596. He appears to have been presented to the vicarage of ...

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Adair, Patrick (1624?–1693/4), Presbyterian minister and historian, was the son of John Adair of Genoch in Galloway. His family were prominently involved in the Scottish migration to Ulster in the seventeenth century, and he was the nephew of Sir Robert Adair, a major Scots colonizer in ...

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Patrick Adamson (1537–1592) by unknown artist, 1569 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adamson [Constantine], Patrick (1537–1592), archbishop of St Andrews, was born, probably in Perth, in March 1537. He was said to have been the son of a baker, but his grandfather Dionysius Adamson or Constantine was town clerk of Perth in the late fifteenth century, while his father, ...

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Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer, was baptized on 28 March 1676, the son of James Aikenhead (d. in or before 1683), apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh, and his wife, Helen (d. 1685), daughter of Thomas Ramsey, former minister of ...

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Aird, William (d. 1606/7), Church of Scotland minister, worked as a mason until twenty years old. His wife, whose name is not known, taught him to read, and he later acquired Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. He studied theology for several years, probably at ...

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Aitken [Atkine], James (1612/13–1687), bishop of Galloway, was born in Kirkwall, Orkney, the third son of Henry Aitken, commissary and sheriff of Orkney and Shetland, and Elizabeth Buchanan. He attended Kirkwall grammar school before moving on to the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MA on 23 July 1636. During the next two turbulent years of the covenanting revolution he completed his formal education at ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by I. T. Foster

Aitken, Robert (1800–1873), Church of England clergyman, was born on 22 January 1800 at Crailing, near Jedburgh, a son of Robert Aitken, schoolmaster, and his wife, Ann Heron. He was educated at Jedburgh grammar school and the University of Edinburgh. As a young man he felt dissatisfaction with the presbyterianism of his upbringing and, under the influence of ...

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Thomas Johnstone

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Aiton, John (1797–1863), Church of Scotland minister and author, was born at Strathaven in June 1797, the youngest son of William Aiton (1760–1848), authority on Scottish husbandry, and Margaret Borland (d. 1820). He studied theology at Edinburgh University and was licensed by the presbytery of ...

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Alexander [other married names Umpherston, Currie], Helen (1653/4–1729), covenanter, was born in the parish of Linton, probably in Haddingtonshire. Owing to her mother's early death and her father's remarriage she went to stay with her sister in Dirleton parish, Haddingtonshire. About 1672 she married ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Philip Carter

Alexander, John (1736–1765), Presbyterian minister and writer, was born in Dublin on 26 January 1736, the second of four children of John Alexander (1686–1743), dissenting minister, and Hannah (1704/5–1768), daughter of the Revd John Higgs, of Evesham. John's brother Benjamin (1737–1768) was a physician and translator. After the death of his father on 1 November 1743 ...

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Alexander, John (1686–1743), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster, was born on 30 September 1686 at Temple Patrick, co. Antrim, the son of John Alexander (d. 1712), and his wife, Mary Hamilton. His father was the fourth son of William Alexander, ...

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Alison, Francis (1705–1779), Presbyterian minister and college principal in America, was born in the parish of Leck in co. Donegal, the son of Robert Alison, a weaver descended from emigrants from Scotland. His mother's name and ancestry are unknown. He may have received his early education at ...

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Amner, Richard (bap. 1737, d. 1803), Presbyterian minister and biblical critic, was born at Hinckley, Leicestershire, the third of five children of Richard Amner and Anne, his wife. He was baptized on 26 April 1737 at the Presbyterian Great Meeting, Hinckley. In 1755 he entered ...

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Amory, Thomas (1701–1774), Presbyterian minister, was born at Taunton, Somerset, on 28 January 1701, the second son of John Amory (d. c.1740), grocer, and his wife, Anne (d. 1742), the elder sister of the Revd Henry Grove (1684–1738). He was brought up in ...

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Anderson, George (1676/7–1756), Church of Scotland minister and author, left no record of his birth or upbringing. If he was the George Anderson who entered Glasgow University as a member of the quarta classis or Greek class in 1696–7, then his regent was ...

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Anderson, James (bap. 1679, d. 1739), Church of Scotland minister and historical writer, was born in Aberdeen and baptized on 19 January 1679 at St Nicholas's Church, Aberdeen, one of at least two sons of James Anderson and Jean Campbell. His brother was ...