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Abbot, Robert (fl. c. 1589–1652), Church of England clergyman and religious writer, was most probably the Robert Abbot who graduated BA from Peterhouse, Cambridge, in 1605 and was incorporated MA at Oxford on 14 July 1607. Nothing is known of his family background and early life, but in 1639 he wrote 'I have lived now by God's gratious dispensation above fifty years' (...

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Abingdon, Robert of [Robert Rich] (d. 1243), ecclesiastic and supposed hagiographer, was the younger brother of Edmund of Abingdon and his assistant in the administration of the diocese and province of Canterbury. He was the second son of Reginald the Rich and Mabel of Abingdon...

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Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian, was born on 26 November 1858 at 10 Finsbury Square, London, the second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Barnett Abrahams (1831–1863) and his wife, Jane, née Brandon (1834–1895). His father was principal of ...

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Israel Abrahams (1858–1925) by Isaac Cohen Liberal Jewish Synagogue

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Achilli, (Giovanni) Giacinto (b. c. 1803), Dominican priest, anti-Catholic polemicist, and seducer, was born in the village of Celleno, 18 miles from Viterbo, then in the Papal States. He joined the Dominican order in 1819, studied at the convent of the Minerva in ...

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(Giovanni) Giacinto Achilli (b. c. 1803) by unknown engraver, pubd 1850 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ackroyd, Peter Runham (1917–2005), Old Testament scholar, was born on 15 September 1917 at 66 Stone Hill Road, Derby, the son of Jabez Robert Ackroyd, Congregational minister, and his wife, Winifred, née Brown. When the family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, he attended the county boys' school. He matriculated from ...

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Aconcio, Jacopo [Jacobus Acontius] (c. 1520–1566/7?), theologian and military engineer, was perhaps born at Ossana, in the Val di Sole, not far from Trento in Italy, the son of Gerolamo Aconcio and his wife, Oliana. After studying law Aconcio was admitted to the ...

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Acton, Ralph (supp. fl. after 1179), supposed preacher and compiler of sermons, is said to have composed various series on the Sunday gospels and epistles, and on the gospels and epistles for saints' days, which are listed by Bale, with incipits, from three manuscripts no longer extant. ...

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Adam [Adam the Welshman] (c. 1130–1181), theologian and bishop of St Asaph, has on the authority of Du Boulay's Historia universitatis Parisiensis (1665), and of Thomas Tanner's Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica (1748), been confused with a fictitious Adam Angligena and, even in the most recent histories of the ...

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Adam Anglicus (supp. fl. 14th cent.), supposed theologian, is described in a treatise on the immaculate conception of the Virgin by the fifteenth-century Dominican Vincentius Bandellus as one of the notable theologians of the past, a doctor of Paris who in a commentary on the ...

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Adam the Carthusian (supp. fl. 1340), supposed religious writer, appears to be the creation of John Bale (d. 1563), who gave a distinct and false identity to one of the names under which Adam of Dryburgh (d. 1212?) was known. Of the six works that ...

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Adams, Thomas (1631/2–1670), ejected minister and writer on Christian doctrine, was born at Woodchurch parsonage, Cheshire, one of at least three sons of Charles Adams and his wife, Isabel Bennet 'the daughter of a worthy gentleman'—Thomas Bennet, from the same parish (...

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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Aikin, John (1713–1780), tutor and theological scholar, was born on 28 December 1713 in London. His father, John Aikin (1664–1756), a linen draper from Kirkcudbright, Scotland, had settled there some time previously; his mother, Anne Bentall, is described as the daughter of a ...

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Ailnoth [Ælnoth] (fl. c. 1085–c. 1122), Benedictine monk and hagiographer, was an Englishman, from Canterbury, who spent his ecclesiastical career in Denmark. He was perhaps prior of the community of St Cnut at Odense, which was founded in 1095 as a daughter house of the Benedictine abbey of ...

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Ailred [Ælred, Æthelred] of Rievaulx (1110–1167), religious writer and abbot of Rievaulx, was probably the youngest of the three sons of Eilaf, the last hereditary priest of the church of St Andrew at Hexham, grandson of Eilaf, treasurer of Durham, and great-grandson of the learned ...

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Alberti, Georg Wilhelm [pseud. Alethophilus Gottingensis] (bap. 1724, d. 1758), theologian and essayist, was baptized on 17 August 1724 ns at the church of St Aegiduen, Osterode am Harz, in the electorate of Hanover; he was the son of August Christoph Alberti...

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Aldred (fl. c. 970), provost of Chester-le-Street and glossator, is known through three manuscripts. He added an interlinear Old English gloss and a colophon to the Lindisfarne gospels of c.698 (BL, Cotton MS Nero D.iv), four collects in honour of St Cuthbert...

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Alesius [formerly Allane or Alan], Alexander (1500–1565), Lutheran theologian and reformer, was born at Edinburgh on 23 April 1500. He is sometimes referred to as Ales, Aless, or Alesse, but the matriculation roll of St Andrews University records his native family name as ...