1-20 of 44 results  for:

  • Independent and Congregational x
  • Manufacture and trade x
  • merchant or trader x
Clear all

Article

Aspinwall, William (d. in or after 1662), merchant and separatist leader in America, possibly came from the north-west of England. Nothing is definitely known of his birth or early life, though his later activities give evidence of his having been well educated. His work in ...

Image

Jonathan Belcher (1682–1757) by John Faber junior, 1734 (after Richard Philips) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

Article

Belcher, Jonathan (1682–1757), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 8 January 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fifth of seven children of Andrew Belcher (1648–1717), merchant and politician, and his wife, Sarah (1651–1689), the daughter of Jonathan Gilbert, Connecticut merchant and politician.

Following his father's example ...

Article

Boddington, George (1646–1719), merchant and Independent lay leader, was born on 15 October 1646, the first surviving son of George Boddington (1611–1671), packer, of St Margaret, Lothbury, London, and Hannah, daughter of Thomas Adams, of Philpot Lane, St Clement, Eastcheap, London. He was educated at various schools in ...

Article

Bright, Henry (1715–1777), merchant, was born on 21 March 1715 at Brockbury, Worcestershire, the second of the six children of Henry Bright (1692–1726), a landed gentleman, and his wife, Mary, née Hill (1692–1780). Young Henry moved to Bristol, where he was apprenticed to ...

Article

Burton, William (c. 1608–1673), merchant and naval administrator, came from an obscure and probably humble Norfolk family. Nothing is known of his parents. He was apprenticed to a Yarmouth merchant and became a freeman of the town in 1630, a common councillor by 1641, and an alderman in 1649. ...

Article

Coward, William (1647/8–1738), merchant and benefactor of the Coward Trust, was born to unknown parents. Little is known of his early life, but, after establishing himself in the City of London, on 8 May 1676 he married Mary Watson (bap. 1653), whose parents were dead, and moved to ...

Article

Cushing, Thomas (1725–1788), merchant and politician, was born on 24 March 1725 in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Thomas Cushing (b. 1694), leading merchant and public official, and Mary Bromfield (b. 1696). Little is known of Thomas's early life, but he was probably brought up in the expectation that he would one day take over the family business from his father. He attended ...

Article

Cutt, John (bap. 1613, d. 1681), merchant and politician, was baptized in Bath, the second of six children of John Cutt (1563–1625), a merchant, and his second wife, Bridget, the daughter of Arthur Baker of Aust in Gloucestershire. Almost nothing is known regarding the first thirty years of his life. His younger brother ...

Image

David Dale (1739–1806) by John Henning, 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dale, David (1739–1806), merchant and cottonmaster, was born on 6 January 1739 at Stewarton, Ayrshire, the son of William Dale (1708–1796), a grocer and general dealer, and his second wife, Martha Dunlop (1719–1796). Dale was a local herdboy, and then in the 1750s an apprentice weaver in ...

Article

Derby, Elias Hasket (1739–1799), merchant in America, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on 16 August 1739, the son of Richard Derby (1712–1783), an established merchant and shipmaster, and Mary Hodges (d. 1770). In 1761 he married Elizabeth Crowninshield, daughter of another leading merchant. They had four sons and three daughters. During the American War of Independence he managed the eighty privateers his father outfitted that captured 144 British ships, as against only 19 losses, and employed 8000 men. ...

Article

Ellery, William (1727–1820), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 22 December 1727 in Newport, Rhode Island, the son of William Ellery (1701–1764), a successful merchant and politician, and Elizabeth, the daughter of a prominent Newport figure, Colonel Job Almy. Like his father ...

Article

Gorham, Nathaniel (1738–1796), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born in May 1738 in Charlestown, Massachusetts, the eldest of five children of Nathaniel Gorham, packet boat operator, and his wife, Mary Soley (b. c.1714). After a six-year apprenticeship to Nathaniel Coffin...

Article

Greene, Benjamin Buck (1808–1902), merchant, was born at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, the eldest of seven sons and six daughters of Benjamin Greene (1780–1860) [see under Greene family], brewer, and his second wife, Catherine (1783–1855), daughter of the Revd Thomas Smith...

Image

John Hancock (1737–1793) by John Singleton Copley, 1765 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

Article

Hancock, John (1737–1793), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 12 January 1737 in Braintree, Massachusetts, the son of John Hancock (1702–1744), a Congregational minister, and Mary Thaxter Hawke, who later married Daniel Perkin, and who outlived her son. Upon the death of his father his mother sent him to live in ...

Article

Hancock, Thomas (1703–1764), merchant and politician in America, was born on 17 July 1703 in Cambridge Farms, Massachusetts, the son of John Hancock (1671–1752), the local pastor, and Elizabeth Clark (c.1681–1760). Having been apprenticed to Boston bookseller Samuel Gerrish between the ages of fourteen and twenty-one, ...

Article

Hardcastle, Joseph (1752–1819), merchant and evangelical activist, was born in Leeds on 7 December 1752, the younger son of John Hardcastle (fl. 1720–1766) and his wife, née Snowden, whose forename is unknown (d. 1787). In 1766 he came to London to live with his uncle, ...

Article

Hull, John (1624–1683), goldsmith and merchant in America, was born in 1624, about 18 December according to his later diary, in Market Harborough, Leicestershire, the son of Robert Hull (d. 1666), blacksmith, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1646), the widow of ...