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Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Rosemary Mitchell

Acton, Charles Januarius Edward (1803–1847), cardinal, was born at Naples on 6 March 1803, the second son of Sir John Francis Edward Acton, sixth baronet (1736–1811), of Aldenham Hall, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire. Sir John was commander-in-chief of the land and sea forces of the kingdom of ...

Article

Allen, William (1532–1594), cardinal, was born at Rossall Grange in the parish of Poulton-le-Fylde in Lancashire, the third of four sons of John Allen (d. c.1566) and Jane, the daughter of Thomas Lister of Westbury, Yorkshire; there were three younger sisters. The family were minor gentry, leasing ...

Article

Bégin, Louis-Nazaire (1840–1925), cardinal and archbishop of Quebec, born at La Pointe-Lévis in French Canada on 10 January 1840, was the son of Charles Bégin, farmer, and his wife, Luce Paradis. His parents came of farming stock of French descent. He began his education at the ...

Article

Conway, William John (1913–1977), cardinal, was born on 22 January 1913 at 108 Dover Street, Belfast, the eldest of the nine children of William Conway (1880–1955), owner of a paint shop, and his wife, Anne Donnelly (1890–1982), daughter of William Donnelly of Carlingford, co. Louth...

Article

Daly, Cahal Brendan (1917–2009), Roman Catholic archbishop of Armagh and cardinal, was born in Loughguile, co. Antrim, on 1 October 1917, the third son and third of the seven children of Charles Daly (1879–1939), schoolteacher, and his wife, Susan, née Connolly (1888–1974). He was originally named ...

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Cahal Brendan Daly (1917–2009) by unknown photographer, c.1996 © reserved; image courtesy of Jim Havel, Havel's House of History

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John Fisher [St John Fisher] (c. 1469–1535) by Hans Holbein the younger The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

Article

Fisher, John [St John Fisher] (c. 1469–1535), bishop of Rochester, cardinal, and martyr, was born at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of Robert Fisher, a mercer of Beverley, and his wife, Agnes. In the early 1480s he went up to Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1488, aged about twenty, and proceeded MA in 1491. Having become a fellow of ...

Article

Gasquet, Francis Neil [name in religion Aidan] (1846–1929), cardinal and historian, was born on 5 October 1846 in Somers Town, north London, the third son of the six children of Raymond Gasquet, a physician whose family had emigrated from Toulon during the French Revolution, and his wife, ...

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Francis Neil Gasquet (1846–1929) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gray, Gordon Joseph (1910–1993), cardinal and Roman Catholic archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh, was born on 10 August 1910 at 143 Leith Walk, Leith, the second son and third of the four children of Francis William Gray (1870–1950), mechanical engineer, and his wife, ...

Article

Heard, William Theodore (1884–1973), cardinal, was born on 24 February 1884 at The Lodge, Fettes College, Edinburgh, the son of William Augustus Heard and his wife, Elizabeth Tamar Burt. His father, from a family originating in Forres, Moray, was headmaster of Fettes, where ...

Article

Henry Benedict [Henry Benedict Stuart; styled Henry; known as Cardinal York] (1725–1807), cardinal and Jacobite claimant to the English, Scottish, and Irish thrones, was born Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier in the Palazzo Muti in Rome on 6 March 1725, and baptized there some hours later by ...

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Henry Benedict (1725–1807) by Louis-Gabriel Blanchet, 1748 private collection

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Howard, Edward Henry (1829–1892), cardinal, was born at Nottingham on 13 February 1829, the eldest son of Edward Gyles Howard (1805–1840), nephew of the twelfth duke of Norfolk, and Frances Anne, eldest daughter of George Robert Heneage of Hainton Hall, Lincolnshire. After education at ...

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Philip Howard (1629–1694) by Jan van der Bruggen (after François Duchatel ) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard, Philip [name in religion Thomas] (1629–1694), prior of Bornhem and cardinal, was born on 21 September 1629 at Arundel House, London, the third son of Henry Frederick Howard, fifteenth earl of Arundel (1608–1652), and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart (d. 1674)...

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George Haliburton Hume (1923–1999) by Jeff Stultiens, 1986–7 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hume, George Haliburton [name in religion Basil Hume] (1923–1999), cardinal and Roman Catholic archbishop of Westminster, was born on 2 March 1923 at 4 Ellison Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, the elder son and third of the five children of a distinguished cardiologist from the borders, ...

Article

Logue, Michael (1840–1924), Roman Catholic archbishop of Armagh and cardinal, was born in Carrigart, near Millford, co. Donegal, on 1 October 1840, the second of six children of Michael Logue, innkeeper, and his wife, Catherine Durnan. He received his early education in a small school near ...