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Adams, William George Stewart (1874–1966), political scientist and college head, was born on 8 November 1874 at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of John Adams, headmaster of St John's Grammar School, Hamilton, with Aberdonian farming ancestors, and his wife, ...

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Amyraut, Paul (b. 1600/01), Church of Ireland clergyman, was of German birth and attended Heidelberg and Oxford universities. According to Gisbert Voetius he emigrated to England about 1618. He matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, on 17 December 1619 aged eighteen, but did not take a degree. On 10 January 1623 he was licensed to teach grammar in the diocese of ...

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Sir Robert Anderson (1841–1918) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Annesley, Arthur, fifth earl of Anglesey (c. 1678–1737), politician, was the third son of James Annesley, second earl of Anglesey (c.1645–1690), landowner, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Manners (d. 1700), daughter of the eighth earl of Rutland. His family's traditions and connections were presbyterian and whiggish, exemplified in his own appointment as a gentleman of the privy chamber to ...

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Annesley, Francis, second Viscount Valentia (bap. 1586, d. 1660), politician, was baptized on 2 January 1586 at Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, the son of Robert Annesley of Newport Pagnell and his wife, Beatrix Cornwall. Leaving England for Dublin by 1606, apparently in the household of ...

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Annesley, Richard, sixth earl of Anglesey (bap. 1693, d. 1761), kidnapper and bigamist, was baptized on 26 November 1693 at St Peter's Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, the third son of Dr Richard Annesley (1654/5–1701), dean of Exeter, from c.1700 third Baron Altham, and his wife, ...

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Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton Armstrong, manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Susan, daughter of Dr Samuel W. Allworthy...

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Atherton, John (1598–1640), Church of Ireland bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was the son of John Atherton (c.1560–1609?), rector of Bawdrip in Somerset, where Atherton was probably born. He both matriculated and graduated BA at Gloucester Hall, Oxford, in 1617 and took an MA from ...

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Baldwin, William (d. in or before 1563), author and printer, has left few biographical traces, although uncorroborated evidence—including claims that he himself lodged in the 1587 edition of Mirror for Magistrates—suggests that he was from Wales. Records survive concerning a Shropshireman named ...

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See Baldwin, Robert

Article

Ball, Sir Robert Stawell (1840–1913), astronomer, was born on 1 July 1840 at 3 Granby Row, Dublin, the second of the seven children of Robert Ball (1802–1857), a civil servant who was honorary secretary of the Dublin Royal Zoological Society, and his wife, ...

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Ronald Bayne

revised by Robert Brown

Barclay, Joseph (1831–1881), bishop of Jerusalem, was born on 12 August 1831 near Strabane in co. Tyrone, Ireland, the son of John Barclay (d. 1845), gentleman, and his wife, Rebecca Brandon (d. 1874). His parents were of Scottish extraction, and he had two sisters. He was educated at a school in ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by J. Falvey

Barnard, Thomas (bap. 1727, d. 1806), bishop of Limerick, was born in Surrey and baptized at Esher, Surrey, on 22 February 1727, the elder son of Dr William Barnard (1696/7–1768), bishop of Derry, and Anne Stone (d. 1782), sister of the Irish primate ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Barnard, William (1696/7–1768), Church of Ireland bishop of Derry, was born at Clapham, Surrey, the son of John Barnard, a lawyer. He entered Westminster School in 1713, and, aged twenty, was elected in 1717 to a scholarship at Trinity College, Cambridge. He graduated BA (1721), MA (1724), and DD (1740). He became a minor fellow of ...

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Thomas John Barnardo (1845–1905) by Stepney Causeway Studios, in or before 1905 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes, was born on 4 July 1845 at 4 Dame Street, Dublin, the fourth of five children of John Michaelis Barnardo (1800–1874), a Prussian subject and furrier, and his second wife, Abigail, daughter of ...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bateson, Thomas (d. 1630), composer and organist, first appears as the father of a son baptized in 1592; he may have been born in the Wirral, Cheshire, but the identity of both his parents and his wife is unknown. In 1599 he was appointed organist of ...