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Adams, Richard (1626/7–1698), clergyman and ejected minister, was the son of Charles Adams, clerk, of Woodchurch in the Wirral, Cheshire, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Thomas Bennet of Barnston in the same county. One of his brothers was Thomas Adams (1631/2–1670). The ...

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Adams, Thomas (1631/2–1670), ejected minister and writer on Christian doctrine, was born at Woodchurch parsonage, Cheshire, one of at least three sons of Charles Adams and his wife, Isabel Bennet 'the daughter of a worthy gentleman'—Thomas Bennet, from the same parish (...

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Agas [Agus], Benjamin (bap. 1622, d. 1689), clergyman and ejected minister, was born in Wymondham, Norfolk, the son of Edward Agas, the vicar of Wymondham, where he was baptized on 5 September 1622. In 1639 he entered Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1643 (incorporated at ...

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Ainsworth, Henry (1569–1622), separatist minister and religious controversialist, was baptized on 15 January 1570 at Swanton Morley, Norfolk, son of Thomas Ainsworth, yeoman; he may have had a sister named Anna. He attended school at Swanton Morley for three years under a Mr Clephamson...

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Albin, Henry (1624–1696), clergyman and ejected minister, was born at Batcombe, Somerset, on 20 June 1624 to parents whose names are as yet not known; he attended the grammar school at Glastonbury and is said by Edmund Calamy to have been a student at ...

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Alleine, Joseph (bap. 1634, d. 1668), ejected minister and devotional writer, was born in a house next to the Poultry Market, Devizes, Wiltshire, and baptized on 8 April 1634, at St John's Church, there, the fourth child of Tobias Alleine (d. 1667)...

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Alleine, Richard (1610/11–1681), clergyman and ejected minister, was named after his father, Richard Alleine (d. c.1655?), the rector of the Somerset parish of Ditcheat for over fifty years, who supervised his early education. Richard was sent to Oxford, where he matriculated at ...

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Alleine, William (1613/14–1677), clergyman and ejected minister, was the son of Richard Alleine (d. c.1655?), rector of the Somerset parish of Ditcheat, and younger brother of Richard Alleine (1610/11–1681) of Batcombe and Frome Selwood. He attended Oxford University, after matriculating aged seventeen on 4 November 1631 at ...

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Allen, John (c. 1596–1671), minister in America, was born to unknown parents. He matriculated as a pensioner at Christ's College, Cambridge, in July 1613, graduating BA in 1617 and proceeding MA in 1620 (not, as Venn says, from Gonville and Caius College). He was ordained priest at ...

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Alsop, Vincent (bap. 1630, d. 1703), clergyman and ejected minister, was the son of George and Judith Alsop. His father was rector of South Collingham, Nottinghamshire, and there Alsop was baptized on 30 August 1630. He attended Uppingham grammar school and in September 1647 was admitted sizar at ...

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Alured, Matthew (bap. 1615, d. 1694), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, on 3 January 1615, the sixth son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628) of the Charterhouse, near Hull, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626), daughter of Francis Vaughan...

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Ambrose, Isaac (bap. 1604, d. 1664), Church of England clergyman and ejected minister, and author, was baptized on 29 May 1604 at Ormskirk, Lancashire, the son of the vicar, Richard Ambrose (d. 1613), and his wife, Marie. He entered Brasenose College, Oxford...

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Angier, John (1605–1677), nonconformist minister, was born in Dedham, Essex, in September 1605 and was baptized there on 8 October 1605, the son of John Anger (1576–1624), a prosperous clothier, and his wife, Ann Sherman (d. 1625), the daughter of a Dedham...

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Annesley, Arthur, first earl of Anglesey (1614–1686), politician, was born on 10 July 1614 on Fishshamble Street, Dublin, the first son of Francis Annesley, first Baron Mountnorris and second Viscount Valentia (bap. 1586, d. 1660), a politician and substantial landowner in Ireland, and his first wife, ...

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Samuel Annesley (bap. 1620, d. 1696) by Gustavus Ellinthorpe Sintzenich © Mansfield College, University of Oxford

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Annesley, Samuel (bap. 1620, d. 1696), clergyman and ejected minister, was born at Haseley, Warwickshire, and baptized there on 26 March 1620, the son of John (d. in or after 1629) and Judith Annesley (variously also Aneley, Anneley, and Annesly) of that parish. He went to school there and at ...

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Anstie, Francis Edmund (1833–1874), physician, was born on 11 December 1833 at Devizes, Wiltshire, the son of Paul Anstie, a manufacturer belonging to a nonconformist liberal family. He was educated at a local school, kept by a Dr Biggs, where he proved to be quick at languages and '...

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Archer, John (d. 1639), separatist minister and writer, was the son of Francis Archer (1561–1636), whose family had been settled for centuries at Epping, Essex, and of his wife (d. 1643), whose name is unknown. He is probably the John Archer who graduated MA from ...

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Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1789–90 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arkwright, Sir Richard (1732–1792), inventor of cotton-spinning machinery and cotton manufacturer, was born on 23 December 1732 at Preston, Lancashire, the sixth of the seven children of Thomas Arkwright (1691–1753), a tailor, and his wife, Ellen Hodgkinson (1693–1778). The family was rooted in ...