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Abram, Annie (1869–1930), historian, was born at 45 Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell, London, on 26 May 1869, the younger daughter and fourth child of George Abram (1833–1897?), law stationer, and his first wife, Ann Arding (1835–1869), who died a month later. Her name was originally registered as ...

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Ady, Cecilia Mary (1881–1958), historian, was born on 28 November 1881 at Edgcote, Northamptonshire, the only child of the Revd (William) Henry Ady (d. 1915), rector of Edgcote and later of Charing, Kent, and Ockham, Surrey, and his wife, Julia Mary Cartwright (1851–1924)...

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Allen, Percy Stafford (1869–1933), Erasmian scholar, was born at 2 Twickenham Park, Twickenham, Middlesex, on 7 July 1869, the younger son and fourth child of Joseph A. Allen (1825–1910), a London bill broker. The Allens were a distinguished and old-established Quaker family, but ...

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Allen, William Edward David [pseuds. James Drennan, Liam Pawle] (1901–1973), historian and businessman, was born on 6 January 1901 at 12 Sussex Place, Regent's Park, London, the eldest of the three sons of William Edward Allen (1860–1919), printer and theatre owner, and his wife, ...

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Amphlett, John (1845–1918), historian and diarist, was born at Sydenham, Kent, on 22 March 1845, the eldest of the three children of John Amphlett (1839–1868) of Clent and his wife, Jane (1812–1888), daughter of Robert Smithson of Skipwith, Yorkshire. John Amphlett was seventh in nine successive generations of ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by J. A. Marchand

Andrews, James Pettit (c. 1737–1797), historian, was the younger son of Joseph Andrews (1690/91–1753), paymaster of the forces, of Shaw House, an Elizabethan mansion near Newbury, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Pettit, of St Botolph's, Aldgate, London. His elder brother was ...

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John Anstis (1669–1744) attrib. Thomas Hudson The College of Arms

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Armstrong, Edward (1846–1928), historian and college administrator, was born at Tidenham vicarage, Gloucestershire, on 3 March 1846, the second son of John Armstrong DD (1813–1856) and his wife, Frances Whitmore (d. 1908). In 1853 his father was made the first bishop of ...

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Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) by Thomas Phillips, 1839 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Thomas (1795–1842), headmaster and historian, was born on 13 June 1795 at West Cowes, Isle of Wight, the seventh of the seven children of William Arnold (1745–1801), collector of customs and postmaster for the Isle of Wight, and his wife, Martha (1751–1829)...

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Ashley, Sir William James (1860–1927), economic historian, was born at 11 Sun Street, Bermondsey, London, on 25 February 1860. He was the eldest son of James Ashley, a journeyman hatter from Wrexham, Denbighshire, and his wife, Jane (née Short). He was educated at ...

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Aspinall, Arthur (1901–1972), historian, was born at Co-operative Terrace, Stainland, near Halifax in the West Riding of Yorkshire, on 11 July 1901. His mother was Sarah Hannah Aspinall, a cotton reeler. His father's name was not recorded on his birth certificate but on his marriage certificate in 1931 it was given as ...

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Atwood, Thomas (d. 1793), judge in Dominica and the Bahamas and writer on economics and history, wrote that he spent several years of his life in Dominica, but his origins, as most of his other biographical details, are unknown. He was chief judge of ...

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Aylmer, Gerald Edward (1926–2000), historian, was born on 30 April 1926 at Stoke Court, Greete, Shropshire, the only child of Captain Edward Arthur Aylmer (1892–1974), naval officer, and his wife, (Gwladys) Phoebe, née Evans (1891–1968). On his father's side he was descended from a distinguished Anglo-Irish family with strong naval connections, and there were two admirals on his mother's side. He was educated at ...

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Ayscu [Ayscough], Edward (1550–1616/17), historian, was a native of Cotham or Nun Cotham, Lincolnshire. Several branches of the family were resident in Lincolnshire, and this has occasioned considerable confusion as to the identity of the historian, who was the son of Edward Ayscough (...

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Bain, Robert Nisbet (1854–1909), translator and historian, was born on 18 November 1854 in London, the eldest son of David Bain (d. after 1912), Cape and India merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Cowan of Liverpool. After education at private schools, he spent some years as a shorthand writer in the office of ...

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Baker, Sir Richard (c. 1568–1645), religious writer and historian, was born at Sissinghurst, Kent, the elder son of John Baker (b. in or before 1531, d. 1604×6), MP in 1554–5 and lawyer, and Catherine, daughter of Reginald Scott, of Scots Hall, Ashford, Kent...

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Bale, John (1495–1563), bishop of Ossory, evangelical polemicist, and historian, was born to parents of humble means at the village of Cove, near Dunwich in Suffolk, on 21 November 1495. In his Illustrium maioris Britanniae Bale names his parents as Henry and Margaret...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by D. R. Woolf

Barkham, John (1571/2–1642), antiquary and historian, was born in the parish of St Mary-the-Moor, Exeter, the eldest son of Lawrence Barkham of St Leonard's, Devon, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Edward Bridgman of Exeter. Having matriculated aged fifteen at Exeter College, Oxford...