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Acworth, Angus Whiteford (1898–1981), financier and conservationist, was born on 20 October 1898 at Braeside, Shoot Up Hill, Cricklewood, London, the only son and second of the four children of Joseph John Acworth (1853–1927), businessman, and his wife, Marion Whiteford, née Stevenson (1870–1964)...

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Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897 at Hazelstubbs, Gravel Hill, Bexleyheath, the daughter of George Joseph Gill (c.1860–1947), a water-rate collector, and his wife, ...

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Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer, was born on 8 July 1893 in Main Street, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, the fourth child of seven born to Francis Jardine, clog maker, and his wife, Agnes Wallace. She attended ...

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Alexander Graham Bell (1847–1922) by John Wycliffe Lowes Forster, 1919 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Bell, Alexander Graham (1847–1922), teacher of deaf people and inventor of the telephone, was born on 3 March 1847 at 16 South Charlotte Street, Edinburgh, the second of three sons of Alexander Melville Bell (1819–1905), speech therapist and elocutionist, and his first wife, ...

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Florence Eveleen Eleanore Bell, Lady Bell (1851–1930) by unknown photographer courtesy of Middlesbrough Libraries & Information

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Bell [née Olliffe], Florence Eveleen Eleanore, Lady Bell (1851–1930), author, social investigator, and playwright, was born on 9 September 1851 at 2 rue St Florentin, Paris, the youngest of the four children of Sir Joseph Olliffe (1808–1869), physician to the British embassy in ...

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Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist, was born on 15 December 1915 at 63 Portland Court, Great Portland Street, London, the daughter of John Richard Bentley, hosier, and Charlotte Emma Redard. After education at a Swiss convent school and secretarial training ...

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See Bramall, Sir (Ernest) Ashley

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Chesterton [née Jones], Ada Elizabeth (1869–1962), journalist and philanthropist, was born at Oxford House, Thurlow Park Road, Dulwich, London, on 30 June 1869 (her name was registered as Ada Eliza), the daughter of Frederick John Jones, a manufacturer of braces, and his wife, ...

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Clapperton, Jane Hume (1832–1914), philosopher and social reformer, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's in Edinburgh to Alexander Clapperton (d. 1849) and Anne Clapperton, née Hume (d. 1872), on 22 September 1832. She was the tenth of twelve children. Her father was a successful merchant, who owned businesses in ...

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Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian, was born on 23 September 1857 at 17 St George's Villas, Islington, London, the daughter of Frederick Gottlieb Eckenstein (1820/21–1891), a German businessman, and his wife, Julie Amalie Antonia Helmke (1830/31–1921). One of six children, her younger brother was the mountaineer ...

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Ernest André Gellner (1925–1995) by Geoff Howard, 1979 Geoff Howard / Camera Press, London

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Gellner, Ernest André (1925–1995), social philosopher and anthropologist, was born on 9 December 1925 in Paris, the elder of two children of Jewish parents, Rudolf Gellner (1897–1987), a lawyer, and his wife, Anna, née Fantl (1894–1954), both from Czechoslovakia. The family returned to ...

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Stanley Owen Green (1915–1993) by unknown photographer © Museum of London

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Green, Stanley Owen [known as Protein Man] (1915–1993), dietary reformer and author, was born on 22 February 1915 at Harringay, north London, the youngest of the four sons of Richard Green (d. 1966), a bottle-stopper maker's clerk, and his wife, May (...

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Greenwood, Sir Granville George (1850–1928), politician and animal welfare reformer, was born in London on 3 January 1850, the second son of John Greenwood QC (1800–1871) of the western circuit (solicitor to the Treasury, 1866–71) and his wife, Fanny H. Welch, daughter of ...

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Harrisson, Tom Harnett (1911–1976), ornithologist, museum curator, and co-founder of the Mass-Observation social survey project, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 26 September 1911, the elder of the two children of Brigadier-General Geoffry Harnett Harrisson (1881–1939) and his wife, Marie Ellen (Doll; 1886–1961)...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (1864–1929) by Elliott & Fry British Library of Political and Economic Science