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Maker: George Romney

William Thomas Beckford (1760–1844) by George Romney, 1781–2 National Trust Photographic Library / John Hammond

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Beckford, William Thomas (1760–1844), writer and art collector, was born on 29 September 1760 at one of his father's houses, in Westminster or Fonthill, Wiltshire, and baptized at Fonthill on 6 January 1761, the only legitimate son of William Beckford (bap. 1709, d. 1770)...

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See Colnaghi family

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See Colnaghi family

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See Colnaghi family

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George Nassau Clavering Cowper, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789) by Johan Zoffany, c. 1773 private collection. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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Cowper, George Nassau Clavering, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789), art collector and patron, was born on 26 August 1738 and baptized on 17 September at St George's, Hanover Square, London. He was the only son and second child of William, second Earl Cowper (1709–1764)...

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Davison, George (1855–1930), photographer, political activist, and patron of the arts, was born in Kirkley, Suffolk, on 19 September 1855, the fourth child of William Davison (1816–1889), a shipwright and carpenter originally from Sunderland. His mother, Eliza, née Miller (1825–c.1900), supplemented the family income by taking in boarders, and his sisters ...

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Alsager Vian

revised by Holger Hoock

Esdaile, William (1758–1837), banker and print collector, was born, presumably in London, on 6 February 1758, the fourth son of Sir James Esdaile (1713×15–1793) of Great Gains, Essex, banker, cartouche maker to the army, and one-time lord mayor of London, and his second wife, ...

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Ford, William (1771–1832), bookseller and print dealer, was born in Manchester, the son of Ann and John Ford, a tin man, brazier, and brass-founder. He was baptized on 8 February 1772 in the Cannon Street Independent Chapel in Manchester, and educated at Manchester grammar school...

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Fourdrinier, Paul (1698–1758), engraver and printseller, was born in Groningen in the Netherlands, the son of Jacques Fourdrinier and his wife, Jeanne Theroude, Huguenot refugees from Dieppe, Normandy. In the Dictionary of National Biography his works and career were assigned to two individuals, ...

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Godet, Gyles (fl. c. 1547–1568), print publisher, is of unknown parentage. He was probably apprenticed to a master in the rue Montorgueil, Paris, the centre of the French woodcut trade, which was then at its peak. He settled in London about 1547 and received letters of denization on 8 April 1551. On 16 May 1555 he was received as a brother of the ...

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Hugford, Ignazio Enrico (1702/3–1778), painter and picture collector and dealer, was born in Pisa, the son of Ignazio Hugford (b. c.1675), an English Catholic clockmaker who had emigrated to Tuscany, and his wife, Bridget Radcliffe. He studied painting with Antonio Domenico Gabbiani...

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Nicholas Lanier (bap. 1588, d. 1666) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1628? Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

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Lanier, Nicholas (bap. 1588, d. 1666), musician and art dealer, was baptized on 10 September 1588 in the church of Holy Trinity Minories, London. His father, John Lanier (d. 1616), was a sackbut player in the royal court band or musick, and his mother, ...

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Felix Hans Man (1893–1985) by Roger George Clark, 1983 © Roger George Clark; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Man, Felix Hans (1893–1985), photographer and art collector, was born on 30 November 1893 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, as Hans Felix Sigismund Baumann, one of the five children of Karl Sigismund Ludwig Baumann (1853–1914) and his wife, Johanne Jacobine Helene Hofmann (1863–1915)...

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Richard Mead (1673–1754) by Allan Ramsay, 1747 Coram Foundation, Foundling Museum, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mead, Richard (1673–1754), physician and collector of books and art, was born at Worcester House, Stepney, Middlesex, on 11 August 1673, the eleventh child of thirteen of Matthew Meade (1628/9–1699), a nonconforming minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Walton (d. 1707). Matthew Meade...

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Smith, Joseph (1673/4?–1770), book collector and patron of the arts, was probably born in 1673 or 1674 (at his death in Venice in 1770 he was said to be ninety-six). Nothing is known of his antecedents; he used a coat of arms of the family of ...