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Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton Armstrong, manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Susan, daughter of Dr Samuel W. Allworthy...

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See Backhouse family

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Bartram, William (1739–1823), botanist and ornithologist, was born on 9 April 1739 at Kingsessing, Pennsylvania, the third son of naturalist John Bartram (1699–1777) and his second wife, Ann Mendenhall (1696/7–1784), both Quakers. William's great-grandfather had moved from Derbyshire to America in the early 1680s. ...

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Bogdani, Jacob (1658–1724), still-life and bird painter, was born on 6 May 1658 in Eperjes, upper Hungary, the son of Lucas Bogdani (fl. 1656–1684), painter, and his wife, Susanna. He was educated at the Felsőmagyarországi Evangélikusok Kollégiuma, Eperjes, and probably became his father's pupil. By 1684 he was in ...

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Buller, Sir Walter Lawry (1838–1906), ornithologist, was born on 9 October 1838 at Newark Wesleyan mission station in Pakanae, Hokianga region, New Zealand, the second of the ten children of James Buller (1812–1884), Wesleyan missionary, and his wife, Jane Tonkin Martin (1808–1884), both of ...

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Sir Walter Lawry Buller (1838–1906) by Ethel Mortlock, c. 1901 Collection of the Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa (B.041113)

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Conder, Peter John (1919–1993), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 20 March 1919 at 81 Thornton Avenue, Streatham, London, the son of John Reynolds Conder, a shipbroker, and his wife Edna Frances, née Benson. Conder's interest in birds began with egg collecting, an activity he later opposed. He was educated at ...

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Cotton, John (1802–1849), pastoralist and ornithologist in Australia, was born at Balham Hill, Surrey, the third son of William Cotton (1759–1816), a prosperous clerk in the London custom house, and his wife, Catherine Savery (d. 1803). An older brother was the art collector ...

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Coward, Thomas Alfred (1867–1933), ornithologist and journalist, was born on 8 January 1867, at Higher Downs Road, Bowdon, Cheshire, the youngest of the four children of Thomas and Sarah Coward. His father, who was engaged in textile bleaching, was also a much respected Congregational minister at ...

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Edmondston, Laurence (1795–1879), ornithologist and physician, was born in Lerwick, Shetland, the youngest son of Laurence Edmondston, a surgeon in that town, and Mary Saunderson. His mother hailed from Buness on the fjord of Baltasound in the northernmost of the Shetland Islands, Unst...

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Edwards, George (1694–1773), ornithologist and artist, was born on 3 April 1694 at Stratford, West Ham, Essex, to a family of Welsh descent. He was educated at a boarding-school in Leytonstone and at Brentwood grammar school. He was then apprenticed to John Dod...

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George Edwards (1694–1773) by Johann Sebastian Müller, 1754 (after Bartholomew Dandridge) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gwynne Vevers

revised by Clemency Thorne Fisher

Fisher, James Maxwell McConnell (1912–1970), ornithologist, was born in Clifton, Bristol, on 3 September 1912. He was the eldest son of Kenneth Fisher (1882–1945), a chemistry master at Clifton College (and later headmaster of Oundle), and his wife, (Constance) Isabel (1881–1975), daughter of ...

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P. E. Matheson

revised by Myfanwy Lloyd

Fowler, William Warde (1847–1921), historian and ornithologist, was born at Langford Budville, Somerset, on 16 May 1847, the second son of John Coke Fowler, stipendiary magistrate at Merthyr Tudful and afterwards at Swansea, and his first wife, Augusta Bacon, granddaughter of John Bacon RA...

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John Gould (1804–1881) by Ernest Edwards, pubd 1864 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gould, John (1804–1881), ornithologist and publisher, was born at Lyme Regis, Dorset, on 14 September 1804, the son of John Gould, a gardener, and his wife, Elizabeth Clatworthy. Very early in Gould's life the family moved to Stoke Hill near Guildford, where three younger sisters were born and where he probably went to school. When ...

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Gray, Robert (1825–1887), ornithologist and bank official, was born at Dunbar, East Lothian, on 15 August 1825, the son of Archibald Gray, a merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendre. He was educated at the parish school and at the age of fifteen became an apprentice at the ...

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Howard, (Henry) Eliot (1873–1940), ornithologist and businessman, was born on 13 November 1873 at Stone House, Stone, near Kidderminster, Worcestershire, the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Henry Howard (1848–1934), army officer, landowner, and businessman, and his wife, ...

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Hume, Allan Octavian (1829–1912), administrator in India, founder of the Indian National Congress, and ornithologist, was born on 4 June 1829 at St Mary Cray, Kent, seventh child of Joseph Hume MP (1777–1855) and his wife, Maria Burnley (b. 1786). He grew up in the radical family environment of ...

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Allan Octavian Hume (1829–1912) by unknown photographer Getty Images