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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), collector, connoisseur, and museum founder, was born on 1 August 1745 in Richmond, Surrey, the son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam (d. 1776), and his wife Catherine Decker (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist, ...

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Thomas Gambier Parry (1816–1888) by Margaret Sarah Carpenter, 1833–5 in the collection of T. Fenton

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Parry, Thomas Gambier (1816–1888), benefactor and art collector, was born on 22 February 1816 in Cadogan Place, Belgravia, London, the only child of Richard Parry (1776–1817) and Mary Gambier (d. 1821), daughter of Samuel Gambier and niece of James, Admiral Lord Gambier...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Edith May Pretty (1883–1942) by unknown photographer, c.1939 © National Trust Images / Sutton Hoo

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Pretty [née Dempster], Edith May (1883–1942), landowner and benefactor, was born on 1 August 1883 at Elland, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the second daughter of Robert Dempster (d. 1925), then a gas engineer employed in his father's company, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Slade, Felix (1788–1868), art collector and benefactor, was born on 6 August 1788 at Lambeth (and baptized Felix Joseph at St Mary's, Lambeth, on 30 August 1788), the fourth and youngest son of Robert Slade (d. 1835), proctor in Doctors' Commons and deputy lieutenant for ...

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James Lewis Smithson (1764–1829) by Henri-Joseph Johns, 1816 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...

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Stuart, John Crichton-, sixth marquess of Bute (1933–1993), benefactor and patron of the arts, was born at 10 Charles Street, Mayfair, London, at 9.50 a.m. on 27 February 1933, fifteen minutes before his twin brother, David; they were the two eldest among the four children of ...

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John Patrick Crichton- Stuart, third marquess of Bute (1847–1900) by Thomas Rodger [in the robes of rector of St Andrews University] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stuart, John Patrick Crichton-, third marquess of Bute (1847–1900), civic benefactor and patron of architecture, was born at Mount Stuart, Isle of Bute, Scotland, on 12 September 1847. He was the only child of John Crichton-Stuart, second marquess (1793–1848), and his second wife, ...

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Sir Henry Tate, first baronet (1819–1899) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1897 © Tate, London, 2004

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Tate, Sir Henry, first baronet (1819–1899), sugar refiner and benefactor, was born at Chorley in Lancashire on 11 March 1819, the eleventh child of the Revd William Tate (1773–1836), and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Nathaniel Booth of Gildestone, Yorkshire. Tate's parents had twelve children in all, four having died before ...