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Walter Montgomerie Neilson (1819–1889) by unknown photographer, c. 1870 Glasgow City Archives; licensor SCRAN


Neilson, Walter Montgomerie (1819–1889), railway locomotive manufacturer, was born in Cowcaddens, Glasgow, on 28 November 1819, the eldest son of James Beaumont Neilson (1792–1865), engineer and inventor, and his first wife, Barbara Montgomerie (1796–1843). Patent royalties from his father's invention of a process to convert blackband ironstone into pig-iron by introducing a blast of hot air into a furnace enabled the purchase in 1851 of the ...