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Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764), politician, was born of Quaker parentage about 1685 at Reading, presumably in or near his maternal grandfather's estate of Play Hatch. Brought up in London, where his father was a prosperous wine merchant, and educated at a Quaker school in ...

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Sir John Barnard (c. 1685–1764) by Jacques-Antoine Dassier, 1744 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beaufoy, Henry Hanbury (1750–1795), politician, was born in November 1750 at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, the second child and eldest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), a distiller and vinegar brewer, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772), the daughter of Capel Hanbury of ...

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Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...

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Buxton, Charles Roden (1875–1942), politician and philanthropist, was born at 14 Grosvenor Crescent, London, on 27 November 1875, the seventh child in a family of ten and the third son of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1837–1915), third baronet and director of a brewery, and his wife, ...

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Cropper, James (1823–1900), paper manufacturer and politician, was born on 22 February 1823 in Duke Street, Liverpool, the eldest of the three surviving sons and six daughters of John Cropper (1797–1874), merchant of Liverpool, and his wife, Anne (1797–1876), daughter of John and ...

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Ecroyd, William Farrer (1827–1915), worsted manufacturer and politician, was born on 14 July 1827, at Lomeshaye, near Burnley, Lancashire, the first of the four children of William Ecroyd (1796–1876), worsted spinner, and his second wife, Margaret (1797–1835), the eldest daughter of William Farrer...

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Fielden, John (1784–1849), industrialist and politician, was born on 17 January 1784 at home at Laneside, Todmorden, Lancashire, the third of the eight children of Joshua Fielden (1748–1811), tenant farmer and clothier, and his wife, Jennifer (Jenny) Greenwood (1749–1825). He had no formal schooling. From a very early age he worked in his father's spinning mills and accompanied him on weekly trips to ...

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William Edward Forster (1818–1886) by Henry Tanworth Wells, 1875 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Forster, William Edward (1818–1886), politician, born at Bradpole, Dorset, on 11 July 1818, was the only son of William Forster (1784–1854), Quaker philanthropist and minister, and his wife, Anna (1784–1855), daughter of Thomas Fowell Buxton, gentleman, and sister of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, ...

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Sir Robert Nicholas Fowler, first baronet (1828–1891) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fowler, Sir Robert Nicholas, first baronet (1828–1891), banker and politician, was born at Bruce Grove, Tottenham, Middlesex, on 12 September 1828, the only child of Thomas Fowler (d. 1851) and his wife, Lucy Waterhouse. His father, a well-connected member of the Society of Friends...

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Fowler, William (1828–1905), financier and politician, born at Melksham, Wiltshire, on 28 July 1828, was the fourth son of John Fowler (1792–1861) and his wife, Rebecca Hull (1799–1842), daughter of William and Jenny Hull of Uxbridge. His family were zealous members of the ...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Megan A. Stephan

Leatham, William Henry (1815–1889), poet and politician, was born at Wakefield on 6 July 1815, the second of nine children of William Leatham, banker and author of Letters on the Currency (1840), and his wife, Margaret, née Walker. One of his sisters later became the wife of the ...

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Pease, Sir Alfred Edward, second baronet (1857–1939), politician and sportsman, was born at Woodlands, Darlington, on 29 June 1857, the second of the eight children, and the eldest son, of Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, first baronet (1828–1903), businessman and Liberal MP for Barnard Castle, co. Durham...

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Wager, Sir Charles (1666–1743), naval officer and politician, was born at Rochester, Kent (not West Looe as is sometimes reported), after the death on 24 February 1666 of his father, Captain Charles Wager (b. 1630), who had started life as a boatswain in the merchant service and had become a lieutenant, then a captain, in the navy of the Commonwealth. His paternal grandfather was ...

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Wilson, James (1805–1860), economist and politician, was born on 3 June 1805 at Hawick, Roxburghshire, the fourth son of the fifteen children of William Wilson (1764–1832), woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth Richardson (d. 1815). From 1816 to 1820 he attended a Quaker school at ...

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James Wilson (1805–1860) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1858 © National Portrait Gallery, London