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Boyd, Robert, fifth Lord Boyd (c. 1517–1590), nobleman, was the eldest son of Robert, fourth Lord Boyd (d. 1558), and Helen, daughter of Sir John Somerville of Cambusnethan. In 1535 he married Margaret (d. 1601), daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of ...

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Douglas, Margaret, duchess of Douglas (1714–1774), noblewoman, was the eldest daughter of James Douglas (formerly Campbell) of Mains, Dunbartonshire, a member of a cadet branch of the family of the earls of Morton, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Hugh Corbet of Hardgray...

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Douglas, William, ninth earl of Angus (1532/3–1591), magnate, was the son of Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie and Agnes Keith, daughter of William, second Earl Marischal. In 1552 he married Egidia, daughter of Robert Graham of Morphie; they had thirteen children—nine sons and four daughters. His paternal grandfather having been a son of ...

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Dudley, John, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553), royal servant, was born in London, the eldest of three sons and heir of Edmund Dudley (c. 1462–1510), administrator, of Atherington in Sussex, and his second wife, Elizabeth (1482×4–1525/6), daughter of Edward Grey, first Baron Lisle, and his wife, ...

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See Gordon, Charles, first earl of Aboyne

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Gordon, George, fifth earl of Huntly (d. 1576), magnate, was the second, but eldest surviving, son and heir of George Gordon, fourth earl of Huntly (1513–1562), and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Keith. Perhaps because he was a younger son little is known of his early life before 18 January 1554, when he was contracted to marry ...

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Kennedy, Gilbert, fourth earl of Cassillis [nicknamed the King of Carrick] (c. 1541–1576), nobleman, was the eldest of five children of Gilbert Kennedy, third earl of Cassillis (c. 1517–1558), and his wife, Margaret (c.1520–1596), daughter of Alexander Kennedy of Bargany...

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Ker, Sir Thomas, of Ferniehirst (d. 1586), border chieftain and administrator, was the second son of Sir John Ker (d. 1562), laird of Ferniehirst, and his wife, Katherine Ker of Cessford. Thomas inherited the Ferniehirst estates on his father's death in 1562 and married ...

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Leslie, Norman, master of Rothes (d. 1554), landowner and soldier, was the eldest son of George Leslie, fourth earl of Rothes (d. 1558), and Margaret Crichton, natural daughter of William, third Lord Crichton and Princess Margaret, daughter of King James II. Norman, who was regarded as an accomplished young man, was for a time a yeoman of the chamber to ...

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Lindsay, Alexander, first Lord Spynie (c. 1563–1607), landowner and courtier, was the fourth son of David Lindsay, tenth earl of Crawford (1526/7–1574) [see under Lindsay, David, eleventh earl of Crawford], and Margaret, an illegitimate daughter of Cardinal David Beaton, archbishop of ...

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Mwanga, Basamula Danieri (c. 1866–1903), king of Buganda, born in the royal capital at Nakawa, Kyadondo, Buganda, was the son of King Mutesa I (c.1838–1884) and Bagalayaza Abisagi of the otter clan, one of his many wives. Shortly after Mutesa's death on 10 October 1884, ...

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Neuhoff, Theodor Stefan von, Baron von Neuhoff (1694–1756), king of Corsica, was born in Cologne on 24 August 1694, second child and only son of Anton, Baron von Neuhoff (d. 1695), of a Westphalian family, and Amelia, the daughter of a draper of ...

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Palmer [née Villiers], Barbara, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709), royal mistress, was baptized at St Margaret's, Westminster, on 27 November 1640, the only child of William Villiers, second Viscount Grandison (1614–1643), and his wife, ...

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Barbara Palmer, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709) studio of Sir Peter Lely, c. 1665–75 [as the Madonna] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stewart, Matthew, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571), magnate and regent of Scotland, was born in Dumbarton Castle on 21 September 1516, the eldest surviving son of John Stewart, twelfth or third earl of Lennox (d. 1526), and his wife, Elizabeth (...

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Matthew Stewart, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571) by Livinus de Vogelaare, 1567–8 [kneeling, third from right, in The Memorial of Lord Darnley] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Stuart [Stewart], Esmé, first duke of Lennox (c. 1542–1583), courtier and magnate, was born in France, the only child of John Stewart or Stuart (d. 1567), fifth seigneur d'Aubigny, and his wife, Anne de La Queulle (d. 1579), fourth daughter and coheir of ...

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Stuart, Esmé, third duke of Lennox (1579?–1624), nobleman, was the second son of Esmé Stuart (c. 1542–1583), seigneur d'Aubigny and first duke of Lennox, and Catherine de Balsac d'Entragues (d. c.1631). The family was a junior branch of the Scottish royal dynasty that had established itself in ...