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William Herschel (1738–1822) by Lemuel Francis Abbott, 1785 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Herschel, William (1738–1822), musician and astronomer, was born at Hanover on 15 November 1738, and baptized Friedrich Wilhelm. He was the fourth of the ten children (and the third of six to survive infancy) of Isaac Herschel (1707–1767), a former gardener who was then an oboist in the ...

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Horn, Charles Frederick (1762–1830), musician, was born on 24 February 1762 in Nordhausen, Germany, the third of four children of ‘John’ (presumably Johann) Wolfgang Horn (b. 1737, d. before 1793) and his wife, Sophia Dorothea, née Shenaman (1735–1798). His father intended him to become a surveyor and destroyed his clavichord so that he would concentrate upon that career, but was unable to stop him from studying music with the ...

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Nicholas Lanier (bap. 1588, d. 1666) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1628? Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

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Lanier, Nicholas (bap. 1588, d. 1666), musician and art dealer, was baptized on 10 September 1588 in the church of Holy Trinity Minories, London. His father, John Lanier (d. 1616), was a sackbut player in the royal court band or musick, and his mother, ...

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Lupo, Thomas (bap. 1571?, d. 1627/8?), violinist and composer, son of Joseph Lupo (d. 1616), violinist, and his wife, Laura Bassano (d. in or before 1596), was probably the 'Thomas s[on] [of] Basanew' baptized at St Olave, Hart Street, London...

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See Lupo, Thomas

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McLennan, George Stewart (1883–1929), player and composer of highland bagpipe music, was born on 9 February 1883 at 105 St Leonard Street, Edinburgh, the eighth child in the family of seven sons and two daughters of John McLennan, superintendent of police and editor of bagpipe music (1843–1923), and his first wife, ...

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Meyer, Philip James (1737–1820), musician, was born in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, and studied for the ministry at the protestant college there, singing in the church choir and playing the organ. After he discovered an old German harp and learned to play it, he left the college about 1757 and went to ...

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Mico [Meco], Richard (c. 1590–1661), musician and composer, was the eldest of four sons and five daughters of Walter Mico of Taunton in Somerset, who was probably involved in the cloth trade, and his wife, Margery (d. 1616), from an Oxfordshire family named ...

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Perrot, Robert (c. 1478–1550), church musician and land speculator, was the second son of George Perrot, gentleman, of Haroldston, near Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, and Isabel Langdale of Langdale, near Scarborough, Yorkshire. He was born at Hackness, immediately neighbouring Langdale. Of his education and musical training nothing is known, though an early connection with ...

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Philip ap Rhys [Philipp Ryse] (fl. 1547–1559), organist and composer, was apparently of Welsh descent, although all available biographical information refers to London. According to the churchwardens' accounts of St Mary-at-Hill, near Billingsgate in the city of London, 'Philipp Ryse, organ player' received wages of ...

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Prelleur, Peter (bap. 1705?, d. 1741), musician and composer, was probably the Pierre Preleur baptized at the French protestant church, Threadneedle Street, London, on 16 December 1705, the son of Jacque Preleur, a weaver, and his wife, Françoisse, of 'over against Crispin Street, Stepney...

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Schroeter [Schröter], Johann Samuel (c. 1752–1788), composer and pianist, was probably born in Guben, Saxony, or perhaps Warsaw, Poland, the second of four known children of Johann Friedrich Schröter (1724–1811) and Marie Regine Schröter, née Hefter (d. 1766). His father was an oboist in the service of ...

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J. C. Hadden

revised by Nilanjana Banerji

Shrubsole, William (bap. 1760, d. 1806), organist, the youngest son of Thomas Shrubsole, a farrier, was born at Canterbury and baptized on 13 January 1760. He was a chorister in the cathedral from 1770 to 1777, and organist at Bangor Cathedral from 1782 to 1784, when he was dismissed for frequenting conventicles. He then became organist of ...

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Simpson, Thomas (bap. 1582, d. 1628?), violist and composer, was baptized at Milton-next-Sittingbourne, Kent, on 1 April 1582, son of John Simpson. An autograph manuscript volume comprising the bass part of nineteen instrumental 'songes' (Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U951.z.23)—'the first frute of my unskillfull Laboures'—is dedicated to ...

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John Thomas [Pencerdd Gwalia] (1826–1913) by Elliott & Fry, 1870s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thomas, John [pseud. Pencerdd Gwalia] (1826–1913), harpist, was born on 1 March 1826, in Bridgend, Glamorgan, the eldest of the seven children of John Thomas (1807–1895), a tailor, and his wife, Catherine Jones (1806–1863). In 1838, at the age of twelve, he competed at the ...

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Thomason, Charles Simeon (1833–1911), army officer and bagpiper, was born on 25 May 1833 in Azamgarh, Bengal, the third of the seven children of James Thomason (1804–1853), Bengal civil service, and his wife, Maynard Eliza, daughter of William Grant of Wester Elchies and his wife, ...

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Tucke, John (b. c. 1482, d. in or after 1540), schoolmaster and musician, was born probably in Burford, Oxfordshire. He was admitted as a scholar to Winchester College in 1495 and took the oath on 7 August 1497. His education continued at New College, Oxford...