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Cameron, Sir Ewen, of Lochiel (1629–1719), clan chief, was born at his maternal grandfather's seat, Kilchurn Castle, in February 1629, the son of John McAllan Cameron and Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Robert Campbell of Glenfalloch (afterwards of Glenorchy). Immediately recognizable to many, owing to the production of the Jacobite ...

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Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel (1629–1719) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Mary Campbell of Mamore (bap. 1685, d. 1736) by J. Heath, pubd 1798 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Campbell [née Bellenden], Mary, of Mamore (bap. 1685, d. 1736), courtier, was baptized in Edinburgh on 4 May 1685, the third daughter of John Bellenden (formerly Ker), second Lord Bellenden (c.1660–1706), and Mary, dowager countess of Dalhousie (c.1669–1726)...

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Christian Cavendish, countess of Devonshire (1595–1675) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1632 Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio: Museum Purchase, Derby Fund

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Cavendish [née Bruce], Christian [Christiana], countess of Devonshire (1595–1675), royalist noblewoman, was born on 25 December 1595, the daughter of Edward Bruce, first Lord Bruce of Kinloss (1548/9–1611), master of the rolls, and his wife, Magdalen Clerk, daughter of Alexander Clerk of ...

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Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

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Charles I (1600–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 1635 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Dalzell [Dalyell], Robert, first earl of Carnwath (d. 1654), royalist nobleman, was the eldest son of Robert Dalyell, first Lord Dalyell (d. 1635/6), and Margaret, daughter of Sir William Crichton of Clunie. That his parents' marriage contract was dated 1580 indicates the earliest possible date of his birth. He succeeded to the title of ...

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Elizabeth, Princess [Elizabeth Stuart] (1596–1662), queen of Bohemia and electress palatine, consort of Frederick V, eldest and only surviving daughter of James VI of Scotland (James I of England) (1566–1625) and his wife, Anne of Denmark (1574–1619), was born at Falkland Palace, Cupar...

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Erskine, John, nineteenth or third earl of Mar (c. 1585–1653), nobleman, was the only child of John Erskine, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), and his first wife, Anna, daughter of David, Lord Drummond. Educated initially at home, Lord Erskine travelled in ...

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Erskine, Thomas, first earl of Kellie (1566–1639), courtier, was the second son of Sir Alexander Erskine of Gogar (c.1521–1588×92) and Margaret, daughter of George Home, fourth Lord Home; George Erskine was his younger brother. Erskine was educated with James VI, and became a gentleman of the bedchamber in 1585. He was confirmed in royal favour when at the time of the ...

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Hamilton, James, second marquess of Hamilton (1589–1625), courtier, was the son of John Hamilton, first marquess of Hamilton (1539/40–1604), and Margaret (c.1545–1625), daughter of John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, and widow of Gilbert Kennedy, fourth earl of Cassillis. All that is known of his education is that he was brought up with ...

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James VI and I (1566–1625) by Daniel Mytens, 1621 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James VI and I (1566–1625), king of Scotland, England, and Ireland, was born at Edinburgh Castle on 19 June 1566, the only son of Mary, queen of Scots (1542–1587), and her second husband, Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley (1545/6–1567).

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MacLeod, Dame Flora Louisa Cecilia (1878–1976), chief of clan MacLeod, was born on 3 February 1878 at 12 Downing Street, Westminster, London, the elder of the two daughters of Sir Reginald MacLeod of MacLeod (1847–1935), twenty-seventh chief, and his wife, Agnes Mary Cecilia (...

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Newton, Sir Adam, first baronet (d. 1630), royal official, whose parentage is unknown, was a native of Scotland. He graduated MA from the University of Glasgow in 1582. He spent some part of his early life in France, passing himself off as a priest and teaching at the college of ...

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See Scott, Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas-, fifth duke of Buccleuch and seventh duke of Queensberry

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Lady Augusta Elizabeth Frederica Stanley (1822–1876) by George Richmond, 1872 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stanley [née Bruce], Lady Augusta Elizabeth Frederica (1822–1876), courtier, was born on 3 April 1822, the daughter of Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841), diplomatist, and his second wife, Elizabeth Oswald (1790–1860). She had four brothers and two sisters as well as a half-brother and three half-sisters, and on the death of their father the large family was left impoverished. The earl and his family had been living for some time in ...