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Joseph Ashby (1859–1919) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Ashby, Joseph (1859–1919), farmer and social reformer, was born in Tysoe in Warwickshire on 13 June 1859, the son of an unmarried servant, Elizabeth Ashby. His father was the husband of Elizabeth's mistress, yet, common as such births were, Ashby's was in some ways different. His father provided for him but his mother, a fiercely independent woman, refused to use the money. More importantly his mother's branch of the ...

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Blachford [née Tighe], Theodosia (c. 1745–c. 1817), philanthropist, was the only daughter of four children born to William Tighe MP and his first wife, Lady Mary Bligh, granddaughter of the first earl of Darnley, of Rosanna, co. Wicklow, Ireland. Her mother died while she was young, and ...

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Budgett, Samuel (1794–1851), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 27 July 1794 at Wrington, Somerset, the seventh of the twelve children of James Budgett (1747–1823), shopkeeper, and his second wife and cousin, Elizabeth Budgett (d. 1831). In 1801, after residing in Backwell...

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J. E. G. de Montmorency

revised by Tim Macquiban

Bunting, Sir Percy William (1836–1911), social reformer and journal editor, born on 1 February 1836 at Ratcliffe, near Manchester, was only son of Thomas Percival Bunting and his wife, Eliza Bealey. Bunting's father, third son of Jabez Bunting, was a solicitor in Manchester...

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Sir Percy William Bunting (1836–1911) by unknown photographer, pubd 1910 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carter, Henry (1874–1951), temperance campaigner and pacifist, was born on 3 November 1874 at 17 Cornwall Street, Plymouth, the son of George Henry Richards Carter, a basket-maker, and his wife, Lavinia Johns Kingdon. His father died when Henry Carter was young, so he was brought up by his mother, a devout Methodist and committed teetotaller. At the age of fourteen ...

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Cory, John (1828–1910), coal broker and philanthropist, was born on 28 March 1828 at Bideford, the eldest of five sons of Richard Cory (1799–1882), merchant, and Sarah, both of Bideford. The father was the owner and master of a small vessel in the coastal trade, and his decision in the 1830s to open a store as ship's chandler and provision merchant in ...

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Thomas Robinson Ferens (1847–1930) by Frank Dicksee, 1913 Hull Museums, Guildhall

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Ferens, Thomas Robinson (1847–1930), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 4 May 1847 at East Thickley, near Bishop Auckland, the third of the seven children of George Waller Ferens (1817–1893), flour miller, of New Shildon, co. Durham, and his wife, Anne, née Jackson...

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W. A. J. Archbold

revised by Tim Macquiban

Heald, James (1796–1873), philanthropist and politician, second son of James Heald of Brinnington and Disley, Cheshire, merchant, was born on 1 March 1796 at Portwood, near Stockport. He was educated at Rochdale, and entered his father's business. His parents belonged to the Wesleyan connexion...

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Ronald Bayne

revised by Mark Clement

Hoyle, William (1831–1886), temperance reformer, the fourth child of poor parents, was born in the valley of Rossendale, Lancashire. He started work in a cotton mill at eight years of age, educated himself, and, by constant labour, succeeded in 1851 in starting a business as a cotton spinner in partnership with his father, at ...

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See Hughes, Hugh Price

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Keeble, Samuel Edward (1853–1946), Wesleyan Methodist minister and social reformer, was born at 1 Regent Terrace, City Road, London, on 20 July 1853, son of Robert Keeble, brazier and coppersmith, and his wife, Harriet, née Hunt. One of nine children, he was educated at ...

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Kidd, Benjamin (1858–1916), sociologist, was born on 9 September 1858 near Bandon, co. Cork, the first of eleven children of Benjamin Kidd (c.1831–1914), constable in the Royal Irish Constabulary, and his wife, Mary Rebecca (1833–1916), daughter of John Dawson, landowner of ...

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Benjamin Kidd (1858–1916) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1894 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Malins, Joseph (1844–1926), temperance activist, was born at 7 Askew Place, Worcester, on 21 October 1844, the third in the family of three sons and one daughter who survived infancy (out of eight children) of John Malins (c.1802–c.1860) of ...

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Mitchell, Sir Henry (1824–1898), textile merchant and philanthropist, was born in November 1824 at Esholt, near Bradford, Yorkshire, the son of Matthew Harper Mitchell, a small local textile manufacturer, and his wife, Ann. He went to a local elementary school, and at the age of fourteen entered his father's worsted mill to learn the principles of textile manufacture. In 1841 he was taken on by the worsted firm of ...

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Mudge, Henry (1806–1874), temperance advocate, the son of Thomas Mudge, was born at Tower Hill House, Bodmin, on 29 July 1806. He was educated at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, and became a licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries in 1828 and a member of the ...

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Parker [née Walker], Margaret Eleanor (bap. 1828, d. 1896), temperance activist and campaigner for women's rights, was baptized on 31 August 1828 at St George's Church, Bolton, Lancashire, and was the daughter of William Walker, owner of one of the largest tanning establishments in ...