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Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey, third Baron Tenterden (1834–1882), diplomatist, was the son of the Hon. Charles Abbott (1803–1838), brother of John Henry, second Baron Tenterden, and of Emily Frances, née Stuart (d. 1886). He was born in Dean Street, Park Lane, London...

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See Abbott, Augustus

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A'Court, William, first Baron Heytesbury (1779–1860), diplomatist, was the eldest son of Sir William Pierce Ashe A'Court, first baronet (1747–1817), MP for Aylesbury, and his second wife, Letitia (d. 1821), daughter of Henry Wyndham of Salisbury. He was born in the cathedral close at ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Adair, Sir Robert (1763–1855), politician and diplomatist, was the son of Robert Adair, sergeant-surgeon to George III, and Lady Caroline Keppel. He was born on 24 May 1763, and was sent to Westminster School in 1773, and thence to the University of Göttingen...

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Sir Robert Adair (1763–1855) by Thomas Gainsborough, mid-1780s The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Jacob Epstein Collection, BMA 1951.109

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Jonathan Harris

Adams, William (1772–1851), lawyer and diplomatist, the youngest son of Patience Thomas Adams, filazer of the court of king's bench, and Martha, daughter of Thomas Marsh, was born at 39 Hatton Garden, London, on 13 January 1772. On his father's side he was connected with an old ...

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Addington, Henry Unwin (1790–1870), diplomatist and civil servant, the second son of John Hiley Addington MP (d. 1818) and Mary (d. 1833), the daughter of Henry Unwin, and the nephew of Henry Addington, first Lord Sidmouth, was born on 24 March 1790. He was educated at ...

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Aglen, Sir Francis Arthur (1869–1932), official in the Chinese service, was born at Mulgrave House in Scarborough on 17 October 1869, the son of Archdeacon Anthony Stocker Aglen (1836-1908), later rector of St Ninian's, Alyth, Perthshire, and his wife, Margaret Elizabeth...

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Aglionby, William (1641–1705), diplomat and writer on art, was born in the summer of 1641, the second son of George Aglionby (d. 1643), who died shortly after being appointed dean of Canterbury by Charles I, and his wife, Sibilla Smith. George had previously been employed by the ...

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Sir (John) Rutherford Alcock (1809–1897) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1877 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by J. A. G. Roberts

Alcock, Sir (John) Rutherford (1809–1897), diplomatist, was born in Ealing in May 1809, the son of Thomas Alcock, a doctor practising at Ealing. He was educated at a school at Hexham, Northumberland, and as a medical student at Westminster Hospital and Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital...

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Amherst, William Pitt, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857), diplomatist and governor-general of Bengal, was born on 14 January 1773 in Bath, the first of three children of Lieutenant-General William Amherst (1732–1781), aide-de-camp to the king, governor of St John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of the army, and his wife, ...

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William Pitt Amherst, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821 Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arbuthnot, Charles (1767–1850), diplomatist and politician, was born on 14 March 1767, the third son of John Arbuthnot (1729–1797), merchant, of Ravensbury near Mitcham, Surrey, and his third wife, Anne (d. 1782), daughter of Richard Stone, a London banker. The father's enterprise failed early in his son's life but in 1782 he was appointed inspector-general of the ...

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Charles Arbuthnot (1767–1850) by Spiridione Gambardella, 1849 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Aston, Walter, Baron Aston of Forfar (1584–1639), diplomat, was born about June 1584 at Charlecote, Warwickshire, and baptized there on 9 July, the son and heir of Sir Edward Aston of Tixall, Staffordshire, and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy (b. in or before 1532, d. 1600)...

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Bagot, Sir Charles (1781–1843), diplomatist and governor-in-chief of British North America, was born on 23 September 1781 at Blithfield Hall, Staffordshire, the second surviving son of William, first Baron Bagot (1728–1798), and Elizabeth Louisa (d. 1820), the eldest daughter of John St John, ...

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Bard, Henry, first Viscount Bellomont [Bellamont] (1615/16–1656), royalist army officer and diplomat, came of an old-established Lincolnshire family, and was the younger son of George Bard (d. 1616), vicar of Staines, Middlesex, and his wife, Susan, daughter of John Dudley. A scholar at ...

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Baring, (Charles) Evelyn, first Baron Howick of Glendale (1903–1973), colonial governor and Commonwealth diplomat, was born in Manchester Square, London, on 29 September 1903, the third son of Evelyn Baring, first earl of Cromer (1841–1917), and his second wife, Lady Katherine Georgiana Louisa Thynne (1865–1933)...

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Baring, Evelyn, first earl of Cromer (1841–1917), diplomatist and proconsul, was born on 26 February 1841 at Cromer Hall, Norfolk, the ninth son of Henry Baring (1776–1848), banker, and his second wife, Cecilia Anne, née Windham (d. 1874). He was a grandson of ...