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Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington House in London, the second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)...

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Lord William Henry Cavendish- Bentinck (1774–1839) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1804 private collection

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Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841) by Anton Graff, 1787 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Bruce, Thomas, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine (1766–1841), diplomatist and army officer, was born at the family home, Broomhall, Fife, Scotland, on 20 July 1766, the son of Charles Bruce, fifth earl of Elgin and ninth earl of Kincardine...

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Cadogan, William, Earl Cadogan (1671/2–1726), army officer and diplomat, was born at Liscarton, co. Meath, the eldest son of Henry Cadogan (d. 1715), barrister, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of Sir Hardress Waller. His grandfather was Major William Cadogan, governor of Trim...

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William Cadogan, Earl Cadogan (1671/22–1726) attrib. Louis Laguerre, c. 1716 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Lynn Milne

Cameron, Charles Duncan (d. 1870), army officer and diplomatist, was the son of Colonel Charles Cameron, 3rd Buffs, who had served in the Peninsular War. He entered the army by purchase as ensign in the 45th foot on 19 May 1846, serving the regiment until July 1851. He was attached to the native levies during the ...

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Cathcart, Charles Schaw, ninth Lord Cathcart (1721–1776), army officer and diplomat, was born in Edinburgh on 21 March 1721, the third but eldest surviving son of Charles Cathcart eighth Lord Cathcart (1685/6–1740), and his first wife, Marion Schaw (1700–1733), the daughter of ...

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Cochrane, Sir John (b. c. 1604, d. in or after 1657), army officer and diplomat, was the eldest of the nine children of Alexander Blair (d. 1640/41), who assumed the name Cochrane on his marriage to Elizabeth, daughter of William Cochrane of ...

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John Dalrymple, second earl of Stair (1673–1747) by Allan Ramsay, c. 1744 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dalrymple, John, second earl of Stair (1673–1747), diplomat and army officer, was born at Edinburgh on 20 July 1673, second son of John Dalrymple, second viscount and first earl of Stair (1648–1707), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1731), daughter and heir of ...

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Gardiner, William Neville (1748–1806), army officer and diplomatist, was born on 23 October 1748, the second son of Charles Gardiner (c.1712–1769), MP, of Dublin, and his wife, Florinda (b. 1722), the daughter of Robert Norman of Lagore, co. Meath. He was the younger brother of ...

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Gerard, Charles, second earl of Macclesfield (c. 1659–1701), army officer, diplomat, and divorcee, was born in Paris, the elder son of Charles Gerard, first earl of Macclesfield (c. 1618–1694), and his French wife, Jane (d. 1671), whose father, Pierre de Civelle, was an equerry to ...

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Hamerton, Atkins (bap. 1804, d. 1857), army officer and first British consul in Zanzibar, was baptized on 29 April 1804 in St Thomas's Church, Marlborough Street, Dublin, the son of Edward Hamerton, clerk of ships' entries at the port of Dublin, and his wife, ...

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Henderson, Sir John [alias Peter von Berg] (fl. 1632–1658), army officer and diplomat, was of Scottish descent, one of at least three sons of a soldier, and was brought up as a Roman Catholic. He may have begun his military service in the army of ...

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Keith, Sir Robert Murray, of Murrayshall (1730–1795), diplomatist and army officer, was born in Edinburgh on 20 September 1730, the eldest child of the diplomat Robert Keith (c. 1697–1774), of Craig, Kincardineshire, and his wife, Margaret Cunningham, daughter of Sir William Cunningham of ...

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Kinneir, Sir John Macdonald (1782–1830), army officer, traveller, and diplomatist, born at Carnden, Linlithgow, on 3 February 1782, was the illegitimate son of John Macdonald, comptroller of customs at Bo'ness, and Mrs Cecilia Maria Kinneir. In 1802 he was nominated to a cadetship by ...

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Leslie, Walter, Count Leslie in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1606–1667), army officer and diplomat, was born in Aberdeenshire, the second son of John Leslie of Balquhain (d. 1622), and his third wife, Jean Erskine, daughter of Sir Alexander Erskine...

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William Lockhart (1621?–1675) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Lockhart, William [created Sir William Lockhart under the protectorate] (1621?–1675), diplomat and army officer, was the eldest son of Sir James Lockhart of Lee (1588/1599–1674) and his second wife, Martha Douglas of Mordington. Unhappy at school at Lanark, he played truant and at the age of thirteen ran away to ...