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(Reginald) Clifford Allen, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner, was born at St Olave's, Slow Park, Newport, Monmouthshire, on 9 May 1889. As an adult he was always known as Clifford Allen, or by close friends as CA. He had a brother, ...

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Amos [née Bunting], Sarah Maclardie (1840/41–1908), political activist, was born in Manchester, the youngest daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting, a Manchester solicitor and third son of prominent Wesleyan Methodist Jabez Bunting (1779–1858), and of Eliza Bealey of Ratcliffe, near Manchester. Sarah had two sisters, ...

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Charles Freer Andrews (1871–1940) by Howard Coster, 1935 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940), author and campaigner for Indian independence, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 12 February 1871, the second son of John Edwin Andrews, minister in the Catholic Apostolic (or Irvingite) church, and his second wife, Mary Charlotte Cartwright (1840–1914)...

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Barnes, Leonard John (1895–1977), writer and campaigner against colonialism, was born on 21 July 1895 in London, the only son of John Albert Barnes, a senior Colonial Office civil servant, and his wife, Kate Oakeshott. He attended Colet Court preparatory school and then ...

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Barr [née Moyles], (Sarah) Venie (1875–1947), political activist and philanthropist, was born at Abbeyleix, Queen's county, on 3 October 1875, the daughter of James Moyles, a trader, and his wife, Eliza Jane Pratt. On 2 July 1901 she married Ainsworth Barr (...

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Blackman, Peter McFarren (1909–1993), political activist, was born in Barbados on 28 June 1909, the son of Samuel Blackman, stonemason. He attended the two best high schools on the island, Harrison College and then Codrington College. With support from various organizations he then studied at ...

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Bridgeman [née Parker], Dame Caroline Beatrix, Viscountess Bridgeman (1873–1961), political activist and churchwoman, was born on 30 June 1873, the third of five children and eldest daughter of the Hon. Cecil Thomas Parker (1845–1931), son of the sixth earl of Macclesfield and land agent for the ...

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Brock, (Arthur) Guy Clutton- (1906–1995), agriculturist and political activist, was born on 5 April 1906 at Lake View, Green Lane, Ruislip, Middlesex, the son of Henry Alan Clutton-Brock, stockbroker, and his wife, Rosa Gertrude Eleanor, née Bowles. He was educated at Rugby School...

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Walter Hussey Burgh (1742–1783) by Hugh Douglas Hamilton by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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T. F. Henderson

revised by David Lammey

Burgh, Walter Hussey (1742–1783), politician and orator, was the son of Ignatius Hussey, barrister, of Donore, co. Kildare, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Burgh of Oldtown in the same county. He was born in co. Kildare on 23 August 1742. After attending the school of a ...

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(Edgar Algernon) Robert Gascoyne- Cecil [Lord Robert Cecil], Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (1864–1958) by Sir William Orpen, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cecil, (Edgar Algernon) Robert Gascoyne- [known as Lord Robert Cecil], Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (1864–1958), politician and peace campaigner, always best-known as Lord Robert Cecil, was born on 14 September 1864 at 11 Duchess Street, Portland Place, London, the third son in the family of five sons and three daughters of ...

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Cole [née Postgate], Dame Margaret Isabel (1893–1980), political activist and author, was born in Cambridge on 6 May 1893, the eldest in the family of two daughters and four sons of John Percival Postgate (1853–1926), fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and later professor of Latin at the ...

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Colenso, Harriette Emily (1847–1932), missionary and political activist, was born on 30 June 1847 at Tharston, Norfolk, the eldest daughter of John William Colenso (1814–1883), first bishop of Natal, and his wife, (Sarah) Frances Bunyon (1816–1893). She had two sisters and two brothers. Her sister ...

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College [Colledge], Stephen (c. 1635–1681), poet and political activist, was born in Watford, Hertfordshire, where he married and began a family. Neither the names of his parents, nor that of his wife (who probably predeceased him), are as yet known. He saw military service during the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665–7), when he also became acquainted with another antic poet of the Restoration, ...

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Cook, Ida [pseud. Mary Burchell] (1904–1986), author and campaigner for Jewish refugees, was born on 24 August 1904 at 37 Croft Avenue, Sunderland, the second of four children of William James Cook (1865–1959), surveyor of customs and excise, and his wife, Mary, ...

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Rebecca A. Pope and Susan J. Leonardi

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See Cook, Ida [pseud. Mary Burchell]

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Cooper, John Astley (bap. 1858, d. 1930), propagandist for athleticism, was born in Adelaide, South Australia, and baptized on 21 April 1858, the eldest of the six children of the Revd Astley Cooper (1832/3–1915), the English-born vicar of St Mary's Church, Adelaide, Australia...