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Abendana, Jacob (c. 1630–1685), leader of the Sephardi Jewish community in London, was born in Spain and was taken with his brother Isaac Abendana to Hamburg, Germany, as a child. Jacob studied at the Yeshiva de los Pintos at Rotterdam, and at the age of twenty-five he was already a rabbi in ...

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Aiken, Francis Thomas [Frank] (1898–1983), Irish revolutionary and politician, was born on 13 February 1898 at Carrickbracken, Camlough, co. Armagh, into a well-to-do farming family. He was the son of a James Aiken and his wife, Mary McGeeney. As well as being a farmer, his father was also a builder, responsible for many churches in ...

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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Allen, John (d. 1855), Irish nationalist and army officer, was a native of Dublin, where he was also for some time a partner in a drapery business. His participation in the United Irish movement brought him the unwanted attention of the authorities and he left ...

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Ashe, Thomas [Tomás Aghas] (1885–1917), schoolteacher and Irish republican, was born on 12 January 1885 at Lispole, co. Kerry, the fourth son and seventh of the ten children of Gregory Ashe, a farmer, and Ellen Hanafin, daughter of Patrick Hanafin of Tobar. He became a monitor at ...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Barry, Thomas Bernardine (1897–1980), Irish revolutionary and folk hero, was born on 1 July 1897 in Killorglin, co. Kerry, the eldest son and second of eleven children of Thomas Barry, a policeman, and his wife, Margaret Donovan, both of co. Cork. After Tom...

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Barton, Robert Childers (1881–1975), Irish nationalist and politician, was born on 14 March 1881 at Glendalough House, Annamoe, co. Wicklow, son of Charles William Barton (1836–1890), a landowner, and his wife, Agnes Alexandra Frances, née Childers (d. 1918). The family owned a large estate in ...

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Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader, was born on 11 May 1856 at 57 Church Lane, Whitechapel, London, the youngest of three children (he had a brother and a sister) of Marks, or Mattos (Mattathias), Bentwitch, a jeweller who had immigrated from ...

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Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert Bentwich (1856–1932) and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Joseph Solomon, leather merchant, and sister of ...

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Norman de Mattos Bentwich (1883–1971) by Elliott & Fry, 1950 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Boland, Henry James [Harry]

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Henry James Boland (1887–1922) by unknown photographer, 1919 Getty Images

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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Bond, Oliver (1760/61–1798), woollen merchant and Irish nationalist, was born at St Johnstown, co. Donegal, the son of a dissenting minister. His full name may have been Oliver Cromwell Bond, as this was used in contemporary reports of his radical activities. After serving an apprenticeship in ...

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Brennan, Michael [Mícheál] (1896–1986), Irish revolutionary and general, was born on 2 February 1896 at Gortgarraun, near Meelick, co. Clare, the youngest of three rebel sons of Patrick Brennan, a tenant farmer (1865–1901), and Mary (1862/3–1939), daughter of Michael Clancy from Rathurd, co. Limerick...

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Brennan, Robert (1881–1964), Irish republican and diplomatist, was born in John's Gate Street, Wexford, on 22 July 1881, one of five children of Robert Brennan, a victualler and cattle dealer, and his wife, Bridget, née Kearney, shopkeeper. After completing local schooling by the ...