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Acworth, George (1534–1581x6), administrator and scholar, was born in London in 1534, the son of Thomas Acworth, a merchant taylor of London, and his wife, Anne. Thomas came from Bedfordshire, where his father, also named George, had been elected knight of the shire for that county in 1529. During his youth ...

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See Baynton family

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Henry Thomas Colebrooke (1765–1837) by Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey, 1820 The British Library

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Colebrooke, Henry Thomas (1765–1837), administrator in India and scholar, was born in London on 15 June 1765, youngest son of Sir George Colebrooke, second baronet (1729–1809), banker and for four years chairman of the East India Company (1769–73), and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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Cranmer, George (1564–1600), administrator and scholar, was born in Kent, the eldest son of Thomas Cranmer (d. in or after 1600) and his wife, Anne Carpenter. Thomas was the son of Edmund Cranmer, archdeacon of Canterbury, and the nephew of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer...

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George Hamilton- Gordon, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1829–30 private collection

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Gordon, George Hamilton-, fourth earl of Aberdeen (1784–1860), prime minister and scholar, first child of six sons and a daughter of George Gordon, Lord Haddo (1764–1791), and his wife, Charlotte (or Charles; d. 1795), the youngest daughter of William Baird of Newbyth, Haddingtonshire...

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Gowers, Sir Ernest Arthur (1880–1966), public servant and writer of reference works, was born in London on 2 June 1880, the younger of the two sons among the four children of Sir William Richard Gowers (1845–1915), physician, and his wife, Mary (d...

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Head, Sir Edmund Walker, eighth baronet (1805–1868), governor-in-chief of British North America and scholar, was born on 16 February 1805 at Wiarton Place, near Maidstone, Kent, the son of Revd Sir John Head (d. 1838), a clergyman, and his wife, Jane, the daughter of ...

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Sir Justinian Isham, second baronet (1611–1675) by Samuel Cooper, 1653 Lamport Hall Preservation Trust

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Isham, Sir Justinian, second baronet (1611–1675), scholar and politician, was born on 20 January 1611 at Lamport Hall, Lamport, Northamptonshire, and was baptized at Lamport on 3 February. He was the third child and only son of Sir John Isham, first baronet (1582–1651)...

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Neate, Charles (1806–1879), scholar and politician, was born on 13 June 1806 at Adstock, Buckinghamshire, the fifth of the eleven children of Thomas Neate, rector and minor landed gentleman of Alvescot, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of the Revd William Church. In rural ...

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Satow, Sir Ernest Mason (1843–1929), diplomat and scholar, was born on 30 June 1843 at 10 Buccleuch Terrace, Upper Clapton, Hackney. He was the third son and eighth child of (Hans) David Christophe Satow (1801–1874), merchant, of Wismar (in Mecklenburg) and Riga...

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Smith, Sir Thomas (1513–1577), scholar, diplomat, and political theorist, was born on 23 December 1513 at Saffron Walden, the second son of John Smith (d. 1557), a small-scale sheep farmer, and Anne Charnock (d. 1547), of Lancashire origins. His health was not good and he applied himself to learning, going to ...

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Sir Thomas Smith (1513–1577) by unknown artist, c. 1546–7 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stradling, Sir John, first baronet (1563–1637), scholar and politician, was the son of Francis and Elizabeth Stradling of St George's, near Bristol. He was later adopted by Sir Edward Stradling (with whom he shared a great-grandfather), the childless possessor of large estates in ...

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Thomas Wilson (1523/44–1581) by unknown artist, 1575 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Susan Doran and Jonathan Woolfson

Wilson, Thomas (1523/4–1581), humanist and administrator, was born between August 1523 and January 1524, the eldest of five sons of Thomas Wilson (d. 1551), yeoman farmer, of Strubby, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter and heir of Roger Cumberworth of Cumberworth, Lincolnshire...