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Aiken, Francis Thomas [Frank] (1898–1983), Irish revolutionary and politician, was born on 13 February 1898 at Carrickbracken, Camlough, co. Armagh, into a well-to-do farming family. He was the son of a James Aiken and his wife, Mary McGeeney. As well as being a farmer, his father was also a builder, responsible for many churches in ...

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Barton, Robert Childers (1881–1975), Irish nationalist and politician, was born on 14 March 1881 at Glendalough House, Annamoe, co. Wicklow, son of Charles William Barton (1836–1890), a landowner, and his wife, Agnes Alexandra Frances, née Childers (d. 1918). The family owned a large estate in ...

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Ernest Blythe (1889–1975) by unknown photographer, 1922 Getty Images

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Blythe, Ernest [Earnán de Blaghd] (1889–1975), politician and theatre director, was born on 13 April 1889 in Magheragall, Lisburn, co. Antrim, the eldest child of James and Agnes Blythe. He came from a Church of Ireland and staunchly Orange background and was a most unlikely convert to Irish nationalism. Educated at the local ...

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Henry James Boland (1887–1922) by unknown photographer, 1919 Getty Images

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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Boland, John Pius (1870–1958), politician and tennis player, son of Patrick Boland (1840–1877), businessman, and his wife, Mary Donnelly, was born at 135 Capel Street, Dublin, on 16 September 1870. His father, the wealthy proprietor of the largest bakery in Ireland, died in 1877, and his mother in 1882, leaving their seven children under the guardianship of ...

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Brennan, Robert (1881–1964), Irish republican and diplomatist, was born in John's Gate Street, Wexford, on 22 July 1881, one of five children of Robert Brennan, a victualler and cattle dealer, and his wife, Bridget, née Kearney, shopkeeper. After completing local schooling by the ...

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Browne, Kathleen Anne (1876–1943), politician and historian, was born at Bridgetown, co. Wexford, on 31 October 1876, the eldest daughter of Michael Browne, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Mary Eleanor Stafford, of Rathronan Castle, Wexford. She was educated at the Bridgetown national school...

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Brugha, Caitlin [née Catherine Mary Kingston] (1879–1959), company director and politician, was born Catherine Mary Kingston, at Birr (or Parsonstown), co. Offaly, on 9 December 1879, the daughter of William Kingston, shopkeeper, and his wife, Catherine, née Roche. She was educated at the ...

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Brugha, Cathal [formerly Charles William St John Burgess] (1874–1922), president of Dáil Éireann, was born on 18 July 1874 at 13 Richmond Avenue, Dublin, one of fourteen children born to Thomas Burgess (1827–1899), an importer of works of art, and his wife, ...

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Buckley, Daniel Richard [Domhnall Ua Buachalla] (1866–1963), Irish nationalist and last governor-general of the Irish Free State, was born on 3 February 1866 at Maynooth, co. Kildare, the fourth of the six children of Cornelius Buckley, merchant, and his wife, Sarah (1838–1918), daughter of ...

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Childers, Erskine Hamilton (1905–1974), president of Éire (Ireland), was born at 13 Embankment Gardens, London, on 11 December 1905, the eldest child and first of the two sons born to (Robert) Erskine Childers (1870–1922), author and politician, and Mary Alden Osgood (1878–1964), formerly of ...

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Clarke [née Daly], Kathleen (1878–1972), political activist, was born on 11 April 1878 at Frederick Street, Limerick, the third of nine children born to Edward Daly, businessman, and his wife, Catherine, née O'Mara, a dressmaker. The family's political sympathies were strongly nationalist and her father had been imprisoned for involvement in the Fenian rising of 1867. ...

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Michael Collins (1890–1922) by Keogh Brothers, 1916 Getty Images

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Collins, Michael (1890–1922), Irish revolutionary and chairman of the provisional government of the Irish Free State, was born on 16 October 1890 at Woodfield, co. Cork, the third son and youngest of eight children of Michael John Collins (1815–1896) and Mary Anne O'Brien (1855–1907)...

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Concannon [née Walsh], Helena (1878–1952), historian and politician, was born in Maghera, co. Londonderry, on 28 October 1878, one of the four daughters and three sons of Louis Walsh (d. 1917) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Donnelly, who were proprietors of ...

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Bryan Ricco Cooper (1884–1930) by Chancellor © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cooper, Bryan Ricco (1884–1930), politician in Ireland and army officer, was born on 17 June 1884 at Jutogh, in the canton of Simla, India, the eldest son of Major Francis Edward Cooper (1859–1900), of the Royal Field Artillery, and his wife, Ella (...

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Cosgrave, William Thomas (1880–1965), president of the executive council of the Irish Free State, was born at 174 James Street, Dublin, on 5 June 1880, the second son and second child of Thomas Cosgrave, licensed vintner, of 174 James Street, and his wife, ...