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(James) Keir Hardie (1856–1915) by George Charles Beresford, 1905 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hardie, (James) Keir [formerly James Kerr] (1856–1915), founder of the Labour Party, was born in Legbrannock, Lanarkshire, on 15 August 1856. He was the illegitimate son of a farm servant, Mary Kerr, and was named James Kerr. The probable father was William Aitken...

Article

Westwood, Joseph (1884–1948), trade unionist and politician, was born on 11 February 1884 at Wollescote near Stourbridge, Worcestershire, the son of Solomon Westwood, a coalminer, and his wife, Harriet, née Sidaway. His father moved north in 1887 to get a job in the fast-expanding ...