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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

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Evelyn, John (1655–1699), translator and government official, was born on 14 January 1655, at Sayes Court, Deptford, Kent, the third but eldest surviving son of the diarist, John Evelyn (1620–1706) and his wife, Mary Evelyn (c. 1635–1709), daughter of Sir Richard Browne, of ...

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Sir Richard Fanshawe, first baronet (1608–1666) by William Dobson Valence House Museum, the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham

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Fanshawe, Sir Richard, first baronet (1608–1666), diplomat and translator, was born in June 1608 at Ware Park, Hertfordshire, and baptized on 12 June, the youngest son of Sir Henry Fanshawe (1569–1616), exchequer official, and his wife, Elizabeth Smythe (1577?–1631). The household into which he was born was on a scale appropriate to a senior royal servant who could trace gentry status back to the medieval ...

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Fenton, Sir Geoffrey (c. 1539–1608), translator and administrator in Ireland, was one of seven children (six sons, one daughter) of Henry Fenton from Stretton-le-Steeple in Nottinghamshire and Cicely, daughter of John Beaumont of Coleorton, Leicestershire. Little is known of Fenton's early life, but, as he acknowledges in his first published work, he travelled extensively, possibly to ...

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Folger, Peter (1617–1690), interpreter and public official in America, was born in Norwich, the son of John Folger and Meriba Gibbs. Little is known of Folger until 1635, when he and his widower father moved to Massachusetts. During the voyage Folger met Mary Morrill...

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Gilpin, George (d. 1602), diplomat and translator, was the second son of Edwin Gilpin of Kentmere, Westmorland, and Margaret Layton of Dalemain, Cumberland, and the elder brother of Bernard Gilpin (1516–1584). He apparently studied civil law at Malines (Mechelen) in the early 1550s, and converted to protestantism not long thereafter. He is noted as a merchant in the ...

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Hall, Arthur (1539–1605), translator and politician, was the only son of Francis Hall, of Grantham, Lincolnshire, deputy surveyor and comptroller of Calais (where Arthur was probably born), and Ursula, daughter of Thomas Sharington. When Francis died he owned lands in and around Calais...

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Honywood, Sir Robert (1601–1686), diplomat and translator, was born on 3 August 1601 at Hollingbourne, Kent, the second of twenty children, and eldest surviving son, of Sir Robert Honywood of Petts Court, Charing, Kent, and Alice Barnham, daughter of Sir Martin Barnham of ...

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Painter, William (1540?–1594), translator and administrator, may have come from a Kentish family. The Dictionary of National Biography suggests his father may have been William Painter, a woolcomber who applied for the freedom of London about 1543; Ashley states that Painter's father was headmaster of ...

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See Rassam, Hormuzd

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Wyche, Sir Peter (b. 1628, d. in or after 1699), diplomat and translator, was born in 1628 and baptized at St Dunstan-in-the-East, London, on 9 February, the eldest son of Sir Peter Wyche (d. 1643), ambassador to Constantinople, and his wife, Jane Meredith (...