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Breteuil, Roger de [Roger fitz William], earl of Hereford (fl. 1071–1087), magnate and rebel, was the second son of Earl William fitz Osbern (d. 1071) and Adelize de Tosny. When William fitz Osbern died, William I gave Roger his father's English manors and made him ...

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Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel, was the elder of the two sons of George Douglas, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Sibbald of Balgonie in Fife...

Article

Douglas, James, ninth earl of Douglas and third earl of Avondale (c. 1425–1491), magnate and rebel, was the second son of James Douglas, seventh earl of Douglas and first earl of Avondale (d. 1443), and Beatrix Sinclair (d. in or before 1463)...

Article

Ferrers, Robert de, sixth earl of Derby (c. 1239–1279), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (c.1200–1254), from his second marriage, to Margaret, elder daughter and coheir of Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester...

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Robert Fitzwalter (d. 1235) seal matrix, early 13th cent. © The Trustees of the British Museum

Article

Fitzwalter, Robert (d. 1235), magnate and rebel, lord of Dunmow, Essex and Baynard's Castle, London, was the son of Walter fitz Robert and Matilda, daughter of Henry II's justiciar Richard de Lucy. Henry I had granted the honours of Dunmow and Baynard's Castle...

Article

Mowbray, Thomas, second earl of Nottingham (1385–1405), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of Thomas (I) Mowbray, first duke of Norfolk (1366–1399), and his second wife, Elizabeth Fitzalan (d. 1425), sister and coheir of Thomas Fitzalan, fifth earl of Arundel (d. 1415)...

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Henry Percy, first earl of Northumberland (1341–1408) manuscript painting, c. 1400–25 [standing at horse's head] The British Library

Article

Percy, Henry, first earl of Northumberland (1341–1408), magnate and rebel, was the elder son of Henry Percy, third Lord Percy of Alnwick (c. 1321–1368), and his first wife, Mary (d. 1362), the daughter of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (c. 1280–1345).

Article

Pole, John de la, earl of Lincoln (c. 1460–1487), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of John de la Pole, second duke of Suffolk (1442–1492), and Elizabeth (1444–1503/4), sister of Edward IV, who had married by the beginning of 1458. He was created ...

Article

Stafford, Henry, second duke of Buckingham (1455–1483), magnate and rebel, was born on 4 September 1455. His father, Humphrey, styled earl of Stafford (d. 1458), was son and heir to Humphrey Stafford, first duke of Buckingham, and his wife, Anne (d...

Article

Stewart, Alexander, duke of Albany (1454?–1485), magnate and rebel, was the second son of James II, king of Scots (1430–1460), and Mary of Gueldres (d. 1463). The exact date of his birth is unknown, but 1454 seems likely. Between 18 July 1455 and 3 July 1458 ...