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Aman, Dudley Leigh, first Baron Marley (1884–1952), marine officer and politician, was born on 16 May 1884 at Helsby, Cheshire, the son of Edward Godfrey Aman (1853–1939), the manager of a salt works, and his wife, Annie Florence Pitcairn (d. 1939), daughter of ...

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Anson, George, Baron Anson (1697–1762), naval officer and politician, was born on 23 April 1697 at Colwich, Staffordshire, the second son of William Anson (d. 1720) and his wife, Isabella, daughter and coheir of Charles Carrier of Wirksworth, Derbyshire. As the younger son of a minor country gentleman, ...

Image

George Anson, Baron Anson (1697–1762) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1753–5 Shugborough, The Anson Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Aylmer, Matthew, first Baron Aylmer of Balrath (d. 1720), naval officer and politician, was the second son of Sir Christopher Aylmer (c.1615–1671), first baronet, of Balrath, co. Meath, and his wife, Margaret, née Plunkett (d. 1671). In 1672 he entered the regiment of the ...

Article

Baker, John (1660–1716), naval officer and politician, was a son of James Baker (d. before 1666), a mariner of Deal, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. after 1715). He was appointed second lieutenant of the Woolwich on 14 November 1688, became captain of the ...

Article

Beauclerk, Vere, Baron Vere of Hanworth (1699–1781), naval officer and politician, was born on 14 July 1699, the third son of Charles Beauclerk, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn. His mother was Lady Diana de Vere (...

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Beresford, Sir John Poo, first baronet (1766–1844), naval officer and politician, was an illegitimate son of George de la Poer Beresford, earl of Tyrone and afterwards first marquess of Waterford, and brother of William Carr Beresford, Viscount Beresford. He was educated at Catterick Bridge, Yorkshire...

Article

Berkeley, Sir George Cranfield (1753–1818), naval officer and politician, was born on 10 August 1753, the second son and last of the four surviving children of the eight born to Augustus, fourth earl of Berkeley (1716–1755), army officer, and Elizabeth (1719/20–1792), daughter of ...

Article

Berkeley, Maurice Frederick Fitzhardinge, first Baron Fitzhardinge of Bristol (1788–1867), naval officer and politician, was born on 3 January 1788, the second illegitimate son of Frederick Augustus, fifth earl of Berkeley (1745–1810), and Mary (1766/7–1844), daughter of William Cole, publican and butcher, of ...

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Boscawen, Edward (1711–1761), naval officer and politician, was born on 19 August 1711, the third of five sons of Hugh Boscawen, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, and Charlotte (d. 1754), eldest daughter of Charles Godfrey and his wife, Arabella...

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Edward Boscawen (1711–1761) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, c. 1755–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bowyer, Sir George, first baronet (1740–1800), naval officer and politician, was baptized on 3 May 1740, at Denham, Buckinghamshire, the third son of Sir William Bowyer, third baronet (1710–1767), of Denham, and Anne (d. 1785), daughter of Sir John Stonhouse, baronet, of ...

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Butler, Thomas, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), politician and naval officer, was born at Kilkenny Castle on 8 July 1634, the eldest son of James Butler, twelfth earl of Ormond and fifth earl of Ossory, later first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), and his wife, ...

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Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680) studio of Sir Peter Lely, c. 1678 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by P. L. C. Webb

Caldwell, Sir Benjamin (1739–1820), naval officer and politician, was born in Liverpool on 31 January 1739, the third son of Charles Caldwell (1707–1776), solicitor to the customs in Dublin, and Elizabeth Heywood (1709–1792). Andrew Caldwell was his eldest brother. In 1754 Benjamin Caldwell...

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Cochrane, Sir Alexander Inglis (1758–1832), naval officer and politician, was born Alexander Forrester Cochrane on 22 April 1758, the ninth of eleven children (all sons) of Thomas Cochrane, eighth earl of Dundonald (bap. 1691, d. 1778), and his second wife, Jean (1722/3–1808)...

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Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane (1758–1832) by Robert Field, 1809 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Andrew Lambert

Cole, Sir Christopher (1770–1836), naval officer and politician, born at Marazion in Cornwall on 10 June 1770, was the sixth and youngest son of Humphrey Cole of Marazion and his wife, Phillis, daughter of Francis Maugham. He entered the navy in 1780 as midshipman on the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Philip Carter

Cornewall, James (bap. 1698, d. 1744), naval officer and politician, was baptized on 17 November 1698 at Moccas, Herefordshire, the fourth son of Colonel Henry Cornewall (d. 1717) of Bradwardine, near Hereford, and the second son with his second wife, Susanna, daughter and coheir of ...

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James Cornewall (bap. 1698, d. 1744) by unknown artist, 1730s © National Portrait Gallery, London