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See Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet

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Benson, William (bap. 1682, d. 1754), politician, architect, and literary critic, was baptized on 17 March 1682 at St Leonard's Church, Bromley by Bow, Middlesex; he was the eldest of fourteen children of William Benson (1640/41–1712), a wealthy iron merchant of Bromley by Bow...

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Bernal, Ralph (d. 1854), politician and art collector, was of Jewish descent and came from a family of Spanish origin. He was the only son of Jacob Bernal (d. 1811) of 7 Fitzroy Square, London, was born at Colchester, Essex, and was educated at ...

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Bossom, Alfred Charles, Baron Bossom (1881–1965), architect and politician, was born at 17 Caledonian Road, Islington, London, on 16 October 1881, the elder son of Alfred Henry Bossom (1854–1919), a stationer, and Amelia Jane (d. 1920), daughter of Edmund Henry Hammond of ...

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Brittan, Leon, Baron Brittan of Spennithorne (1939–2015), politician, was born on 25 September 1939 at the City of London Maternity Hospital, 102 City Road, Finsbury, London, the second son of Joseph Brittan (1899–1972), medical practitioner, and his wife, Rebecca (Riva...

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Leon Brittan, Baron Brittan of Spennithorne (1939–2015), by Raymond Reuter, 1994

© Getty Images

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Bruce, Sir William, first baronet (c. 1625–1710), architect and politician, was born into minor Perthshire gentry, the second son of Robert Bruce, Lord Bruce of Blairhall, and Catherine (or Jean), daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. His early life is obscure but if he is identified with the ...

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Cavendish, William, second duke of Devonshire (1670/71–1729), politician and art collector, was the second but first surviving son of William Cavendish, first duke of Devonshire (1641–1707), and Mary (1646–1710), second daughter of James Butler, first duke of Ormond. Following his father's accession to the ...

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William George Spencer Cavendish, sixth duke of Devonshire (1790–1858) by Sir Edwin Landseer, exh. RA 1832 Devonshire Collection, Chatsworth. By permission of the Duke of Devonshire and the Chatsworth Settlement Trustees

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Cavendish, William George Spencer, sixth duke of Devonshire (1790–1858), whig grandee and connoisseur of the arts, only son and youngest of three children of William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire (1748–1811), and Georgiana Cavendish (1757–1806), elder daughter of John Spencer, first Earl Spencer...

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Clarke, George (1661–1736), politician and architect, was born on 7 May 1661 in the old Pall Mall, London, the only surviving child of Sir William Clarke (1623/4–1666), secretary at war to the Commonwealth and Charles II, and his wife, Dorothy (d. 1695)...

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George Clarke (1661–1736) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1705 [[Left to right] George, prince of Denmark and duke of Cumberland (1653-1708) and ] All Souls College, Oxford

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Thomas Coke, earl of Leicester (1697–1759) by Francesco Trevisani, 1717 © Collection of the Earl of Leicester, Holkham Hall, Norfolk / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...

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Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

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Dance, Nathaniel [afterwards Sir Nathaniel Holland, baronet] (1735–1811), painter and politician, was born on 18 May 1735 in Chiswell Street, London, the third son of George Dance the elder (c. 1694–1768) and his wife, Elizabeth Gould (d. 1762). His father was clerk of works for the ...

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Elford, Sir William, baronet (1749–1837), politician and artist, was born in August 1749 at Kingsbridge, Devon, the elder son of the Revd Lancelot Elford (c.1719–1782) of Bickham, near Plymouth, and his wife, Grace, daughter of Alexander Wills of Kingsbridge.

Nothing is known of ...

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Ellis, George James Welbore Agar-, first Baron Dover (1797–1833), politician and patron of art, was the only son of Henry Welbore Agar-Ellis, second Viscount Clifden, and his wife, Lady Caroline Spencer, eldest daughter of George Spencer, fourth duke of Marlborough. He was born in ...

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Erskine, John, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732), Jacobite army officer, politician, and architect, was born on the lowland family estate at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, and baptized at Alloa parish church on 21 January 1675. He was the first of four surviving children of ...

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John Erskine, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1715 [right, with his son, Thomas Erskine, Lord Erskine] in the collection of the Earl of Mar and Kellie at Alloa Tower; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery