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Ashley, John (c. 1734–1805), conductor and bassoonist, was probably born in London, although it is impossible to place or date this with certainty. Little is known of Ashley's musical training and his earlier professional years. He was a bassoon player of considerable ability and may have held an appointment in a wind band of the militia, for ...

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Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Sir John Barbirolli (1899–1970) by Georges Maiteny © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bates, Joah (bap. 1741, d. 1799), musician, was baptized at Halifax on 8 March 1741, the son of Henry Bates, a former woolcomber, turned innkeeper and parish clerk, and his wife, Susan Lister. He received his early education at Dr Ogden's school, and learned music from ...

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Harry Blech (1909–1999) by Elliott & Fry, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blech, Harry [formerly Hirsch] (1909–1999), conductor and violinist, was born in the East End of London in June 1909, the son of Henri Blech, provisions merchant and commercial traveller, and his wife, Sophie Stock. Shortly after he was born his father went to ...

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Brown, (Elizabeth) Iona (1941–2004), violinist and conductor, was born on 7 January 1941 at the Cedars Nursing Home, Manor Road, Salisbury, Wiltshire, the first of four children of Antony Francis Brown, pianist and organist, and his wife, Fiona Mary, née Whitham, violinist. At the time of her birth her parents lived at ...

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Bunney, Herrick Cyril William (1915–1997), organist and conductor, was born on 12 May 1915 at 17 Elm Grove Road, Barnes, Surrey, the son of Cyril Herbert Herrick Bunney (1881–1969), electrical engineer and civil servant, and his wife, Ethel Letitia, née Ardley (1877?–1958). Educated at ...

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F. G. Edwards

revised by John Warrack

Cusins, Sir William George (1833–1893), pianist and conductor, was born in London on 14 October 1833. As a child he sang in the Chapel Royal, then entered the Brussels conservatory where for two years he studied composition, piano, and violin under François-Joseph Fétis...

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Davies, (Albert) Meredith (1922–2005), organist and conductor, was born on 30 July 1922 at 27 Beresford Road, Upton, Birkenhead, Cheshire, the second son of Elias Aaron Davies, Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Norah Annie Margaretta, née Parry. At the age of eight he became a junior exhibitioner at the ...

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Dunbar, Rudolph (1899–1988), clarinettist and conductor, was born at either Nabaclis or Clonbrook, near Georgetown, British Guiana, on 5 April 1899; his father was a pharmacist, and his mother, Selena, had supposedly worked as a nursemaid. The birth date quoted is adequately attested by early official sources, but ...

Article

J. A. F. Maitland

revised by John Warrack

Ella, John (1802–1888), violinist and conductor, was born at Leicester on 19 December 1802, the son of Richard Ella (b. 1769), a baker from Thirsk in Yorkshire. He was intended for the law, but, turning to music, studied with Fémy. He made his first professional appearance on 18 January 1821, in the orchestra at ...

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Greatorex, Thomas (1758–1831), organist and conductor, was born at North Wingfield, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire, on 5 October 1758. The pedigree compiled by Hayman in The Reliquary (4.220) shows his descent from Anthony Greatrakes of Callow, of a family that has flourished for over five centuries in the neighbourhood of ...

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Sir Charles Hallé (1819–1895) by George Frederic Watts, c. 1870 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hallé, Sir Charles [formerly Carl Halle] (1819–1895), conductor and pianist, was born on 11 April 1819 in Hagen, Westphalia. He was the son of a church organist and concert director, Friedrich Halle, and his wife, Caroline Branschedt. He had his first piano lessons at the age of three and soon showed extraordinary talent, giving a public performance when he was four of a sonatina composed by his father. When he was eleven he deputized for his father and conducted all the operas (at least ten) during the annual visit of a touring company. They included ...

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Hartley, Wallace Henry (1878–1912), musician and bandleader on the RMS Titanic, was born on 2 June 1878 at 136 Greenfield Hill, Colne, Lancashire, the second of the six children (four surviving) of Albion Hartley (1850–1934), mill manager, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Foulds (1851–1927)...

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Wallace Henry Hartley (1878–1912) by unknown photographer, 1912 [the band of RMS Titanic: John Frederick Preston Clarke, Percy Cornelius Taylor; Georges Alexandre Krins, Wallace Hartley, William Theodore Ronald Brailey; Jock Hume, John Wesley Woodward] © Illustrated London News Ltd / Mary Evans

Article

J. C. Hadden

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Hill, Thomas Henry Weist- (1828–1891), violinist and conductor, son of Thomas Hill, goldsmith and freeman of the City, was born in Islington, London, on 3 January 1828. He showed an aptitude for the violin at an early age and appeared at Gravesend as an infant prodigy. In 1844 he entered the ...

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Hogwood, Christopher Jarvis Haley (1941–2014), harpsichordist, conductor, and musicologist, was born on 10 September 1941 at 75 Radcliffe Road, West Bridgford, Nottingham, the eldest of five children of Haley Evelyn Hogwood (1909–1980), a physicist then working for the Ministry of Supply...

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Jones, Geraint Iwan (1917–1998), organist and conductor, was born on 16 May 1917 in Porth, Glamorgan, the elder son of Evan Jones, a professor of ancient languages at Cardiff University who became a minister in the Welsh Congregational church, and his wife Caroline Davies...