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Buck, Sir Percy Carter (1871–1947), musician, was born Percy Hartshorn Buck on 25 March 1871 in West Ham Lane, West Ham, Essex, the son of William Richard Buck, clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Alice Emmeline Wilson. He was educated at ...

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Charles Burney (1726–1814) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1781 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burney, Charles (1726–1814), musician and author, was born on 7 April 1726 in Raven Street, Shrewsbury, the fourth of six children of James Macburney (1678–1749), dancer, musician, and portraitist, and his second wife, Ann Cooper (c.1690–1775).

Article

W. B. Squire

revised by John Purser

Donaldson, John (1789/90–1865), composer and musicologist, was the son of a Mr Donaldson and his wife, M. S. Gregg, and appears to have started his professional career as a music teacher in Glasgow from 1811 to about 1814. In 1826 he became an advocate in ...

Article

L. M. Middleton

revised by David J. Golby

Flowers, George French (1811–1872), composer and musical theorist, was born on 28 June 1811 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the fourth son of Field Flowers, later rector of Partney. He studied music with C. H. Rinck and Schnyder von Wartensee in Germany, and went on to graduate BMus from ...

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Geminiani, Francesco Saverio (1687–1762), composer and music theorist, was born in Lucca, Italy, probably on 3 December 1687 (the feast day of St Francis Xavier), two days before his baptism, the fourth son of Giuliano Antonio Geminiani (fl. 1681–1707) and his wife, ...

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Gerarde, Derrick (fl. 1550–1590), composer and copyist, was probably of Flemish origin. Although virtually nothing is known of his life, there is strong circumstantial evidence for believing that he spent some time in England. Almost his entire musical output is contained in manuscripts now in the Royal Appendix sequence of the ...

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Philip Arnold Heseltine [Peter Warlock] (1894–1930) by unknown photographer, 1915 © reserved; private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London / Oxford University Press

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Heseltine, Philip Arnold [pseud. Peter Warlock] (1894–1930), music scholar and composer, was born on 30 October 1894 in the Savoy Hotel, London, the only child of Arnold Heseltine (1852–1897), solicitor, of London, and his second wife, Bessie Mary Edith Covernton (1861–1943). In 1903 ...

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Holland, Peter Charles Crossley- (1916–2001), musicologist and composer, was born on 28 January 1916 at 55 Glasslyn Road, Crouch End, London, the son of Dr Frank William Crossley-Holland (1878–1956), barrister and pharmacologist, and his wife, Flora Irene, daughter of Charles Alexander Dickins, electrical engineer, of ...

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Hothby, John (c. 1430–1487), composer and music theorist, was the son of William Hothby (d. in or before 1473), and on the evidence of his later career was born about 1430. John joined the Carmelite order at an unknown date, and may be identifiable with the ...

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Morris, Reginald Owen (1886–1948), composer and musicologist, was born on 3 March 1886 at 3 Grosvenor Terrace, St Giles, York, the son of Reginald Frank Morris, army officer, and his wife, Georgiana Susan Sherard.

Morris was educated at Harrow School, New College, Oxford...

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Parry, Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings, baronet (1848–1918), composer and historian of music, was born on 27 February 1848 at 2 Richmond Terrace, Bournemouth, the sixth of six children of Thomas Gambier Parry (1816–1888) of Highnam Court, Gloucestershire, painter and art collector, and his first wife, ...

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Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings Parry, baronet (1848–1918) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1915 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ravenscroft, Thomas (b. 1591/2), music theorist and composer, was quite probably one of the Flintshire Ravenscrofts: on a flyleaf of the copy of A Briefe Discourse (1614) that he presented to Sir John Egerton, whose mother was Elizabeth Ravenscroft of Bretton, the author described himself as 'the meanest of a name soe much honored by you'. The ...

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Stainer, Sir John (1840–1901), musicologist and composer, was born on 6 June 1840 at 2 Broadway, Southwark, London, the eighth of nine children of William Stainer (1802–1867), a schoolmaster at the parish school of St Thomas's, Southwark, and his wife, Ann Collier (1803–1884)...

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Sir John Stainer (1840–1901) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stevenson, Ronald James (1928–2015), composer, pianist, and writer on music, was born at 4 Stirling Street, Blackburn, Lancashire, on 6 March 1928, the younger son of George Stevenson, a railway engine fireman of Scottish Protestant stock, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Blundell, who was of Welsh Catholic extraction and had been a weaver in the local cotton mills. He was baptized a Catholic, but eventually rejected organized religion. However, he never forgot his working-class background, which catalyzed his life-long, left-wing, pacifist political beliefs, although he himself described his views simply as ‘humanitarian’....

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Tovey, Sir Donald Francis (1875–1940), music scholar and composer, was born on 17 July 1875 at 23 High Street, Eton, Buckinghamshire, the youngest of the four children of the Revd Duncan Crookes Tovey (1842–1912), and his wife, Mary Fison (d. 1908). Two sisters had died in infancy, but ...

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Sir Donald Francis Tovey (1875–1940) by Sir William Rothenstein, c. 1936 © Estate of Sir William Rothenstein / National Portrait Gallery, London